Bhatara Turun Kabeh

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Holiday or Ceremony
Bhatara Turun Kabeh
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          Information about Holiday or Ceremony

          Bhatara Turun Kabeh

          Where did this ceremony take place:


          In English

          [EN] Every year, the Balinese commemorate a very important day when all the demigods descend on the slope of Mount Agung. This massive ceremony is called Bhatara Turun Kabeh (old Javanese: ‘all gods descend’) at Panataran Agung Temple, Besakih. The demigods (bhataras) are servants of the Supreme God who take charge of maintaining natural elements such as fire, water, air and so on. During Bhatara Turun kabeh ceremony, which comes every full moon’s day of Kadasa Month, all demigods are offered prayers and oblations. The Hindus from all over Indonesia come to attend and pray. The celebration is usually very crowded because a lot of people participate. Therefore, the ceremony lasts for about two or three weeks, ended by a closing ceremony called Ngalebar.

          During King Waturengong’s era in the 16th century, the ceremony was conducted in the full moon’s day of Kapat Month (around Oktober), in coincidence with the beginning of rainy season. Later, the ceremony was then moved to Kadasa Month in April. According to some historical records, Bhatara Turun Kabeh was formerly a kind of summer celebration (Vasanta Ritu) as stated in Hindu Holy Scriptures. During the month of Kapat, the monsoon changes direction and becomes very advantageous for ancient voyages. This celebration also indicates that there is a tight connection between Bali, Java and India in the past through a unique celebration called Bali Yatra in east India. On eastern Indian shores, Bali Yatra is celebrated in October by the people to remember their ancestors who sailed to an island called Bali in the east. In April of the next year, their boats arrived in Bali.

          Bhatara Turun Kabeh is the most splendid annual celebration in Besakih. Besakih Temple is beautifully decorated. Beautiful curved penjors are installed everywhere. Young people, senior people, and many priests take daily responsibility for the ceremony. There are non-stop gambelan plays, ringings of sacred bells, sacred mantras, dances and many kinds of offerings everyday. Everything is meant to worship and thank the Supreme God and His benevolent servants,—the demigods and holy ancestors.

          In Balinese

          BA Nyabran warsa, krama Baline ngamargiang rahina suci ritatkala para watek bhatarane tedun makasami ring gigir Gunung Agung. Upacara ageng puniki kabawos Bhatara Turun Kabeh Jawi purwa: para bhatarane tedun makasami ring Pura Panataran Agung Besakih. Wadwa bhatarane inggih punika carakan Ida Hyang Widhi sane kaicen kawenangan nginkinang sekancan dhatu ring bhuwanane. Rikala upacara Bhatara Turun kabeh sane kamargiang nyabran Purnama Kadasa, sami para watek bhatarane kapuja. Krama Hindu saking sawewengkon Indonesia pada rawuh maaturan. Duaning banget akeh pamedek sane rawuh, upacara puniki kajejer kalih utawi tigang wuku, kapuputang antuk upacara ngalebar. Duk kaprabon Ida Dalem Waturengong ring satawarsa nem welas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh kamargiang ring Purnama Kapat sawetara wulan Oktober , sinarengan pangawit masan sabeh. Sampun kenten, upacara puniki kagingsir ring Purnama Kadasa ring wulan April. Manut akudang wacanan purana, Bhatara Turun Kabeh minab mawit saking upacara sesambutan masan nedeng musim semi sane kasurat ring Wedane. Duk punika, angine magentos tuju lan becik pisan anggen lajuning prahu. Upacara puniki taler nyihnayang indike wenten pailetan Bali, Jawi lan India Baratawarsa ring purwamasa madasar antuk kawentenan upacara kabawos Bali Yatra ring India kangin. Ring pasisi kangin India, Bali Yatra kagelar ring wulan Oktober maka cihna wit leluhur ipun sane luas ngentasin pasih nuju dwipa doh ring kangin kabawos Bali. Ring wulan April, prahu-prahun ipun malabuh ring Bali. Bhatara Turun Kabeh wantah upacara nyabran warsa sane pihin ageng ring Besakih. Pura Besakih kapayasin rasmi pisan. Penjor-penjor kajejer lengkung becik. Para yowanane, anake lingsir, lan makeh panditane ngayah nyabran rahina. Wenten suaran gambelan, genta, mantra, sasolahan lan makeh malih atur-aturan sarahina tan pegat. Sami punika matatujon ngaturang parama suksma majeng Ida Hyang Widhi, para bhatarane miwah para laluhur sane suci.

          In Indonesian

          [ID] Tiap tahun, orang Bali memperingati hari penting saat semua dewa turun ke lereng Gunung Agung. Upacara besar ini disebut Bhatara Turun Kabeh (Jawa kuno: ‘para dewa turun semua’) di Pura Panataran Agung Besakih. Para dewa adalah abdi-abdi Tuhan Yang Maha Esa yang bertugas mengendalikan elemen-elemen alam. Pada saat Bhatara Turun kabeh yang dirayakan setiap Purnama Kadasa, semua dewa ini dipuja. Umat Hindu dari seluruh Indonesia datang beramai-ramai. Karena saking banyaknya pemedek yang datang, Bhatara Turun Kabeh dilangsungkan selama dua hingga tiga minggu yang ditutup dengan upacara ngalebar.

          Pada zaman Raja Waturengong di abad keenam belas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh dilangsungkan pada Purnama Kapat (sekitar bulan Oktober) bertepatan dengan awal musim hujan. Kemudian, perayaan kembali dilakukan pada Purnama Kadasa di bulan April. Menurut beberapa sumber sejarah, Bhatara Turun Kabeh kemungkinan berasal dari upacara penyambutan musim semi dalam kitab suci Hindu. Saat itu, angin pasat berubah arah dan membantu pelayaran. Perayaan ini juga mengindikasikan bahwa ada hubungan antara Bali, Jawa dan India pada masa lalu melalui suatu upacara bernama Bali Yatra di India Timur. Di pesisir timur India, Bali Yatra dirayakan pada bulan Oktober untuk mengenang leluhur mereka yang berlayar ke sebuah pulau di timur bernama Bali. Pada bulan April, kapal-kapal mereka berlabuh di Bali.

          Bhatara Turun Kabeh adalah upacara tahunan terbesar di Bali. Pura Besakih dihias dengan sangat menakjubkan. Penjor-penjor dipasang melengkung indah. Anak-anak muda, orang tua dan puluhan pendeta bertugas bergiliran setiap hari. Ada suara gambelan, genta, mantra, tari-tarian dan berbagai persembahan setiap hari tanpa henti. Semuanya bertujuan mempersembahkan puji syukur kepada Tuhan, para dewa dan leluhur yang suci.


          Tribun Bali


          https://bali.tribunnews.com/

          • Property "Holiday information text" (as page type) with input value "EN] Every year, the Balinese commemorate a very important day when all the demigods descend on the slope of Mount Agung. This massive ceremony is called Bhatara Turun Kabeh (old Javanese: ‘all gods descend’) at Panataran Agung Temple, Besakih. The demigods (bhataras) are servants of the Supreme God who take charge of maintaining natural elements such as fire, water, air and so on. During Bhatara Turun kabeh ceremony, which comes every full moon’s day of Kadasa Month, all demigods are offered prayers and oblations. The Hindus from all over Indonesia come to attend and pray. The celebration is usually very crowded because a lot of people participate. Therefore, the ceremony lasts for about two or three weeks, ended by a closing ceremony called Ngalebar.

            During King Waturengong’s era in the 16th century, the ceremony was conducted in the full moon’s day of Kapat Month (around Oktober), in coincidence with the beginning of rainy season. Later, the ceremony was then moved to Kadasa Month in April. According to some historical records, Bhatara Turun Kabeh was formerly a kind of summer celebration (Vasanta Ritu) as stated in Hindu Holy Scriptures. During the month of Kapat, the monsoon changes direction and becomes very advantageous for ancient voyages. This celebration also indicates that there is a tight connection between Bali, Java and India in the past through a unique celebration called Bali Yatra in east India. On eastern Indian shores, Bali Yatra is celebrated in October by the people to remember their ancestors who sailed to an island called Bali in the east. In April of the next year, their boats arrived in Bali.

            Bhatara Turun Kabeh is the most splendid annual celebration in Besakih. Besakih Temple is beautifully decorated. Beautiful curved penjors are installed everywhere. Young people, senior people, and many priests take daily responsibility for the ceremony. There are non-stop gambelan plays, ringings of sacred bells, sacred mantras, dances and many kinds of offerings everyday. Everything is meant to worship and thank the Supreme God and His benevolent servants,—the demigods and holy ancestors." contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
          • Property "Holiday information text ban" (as page type) with input value "BA] Nyabran warsa, krama Baline ngamargiang rahina suci ritatkala para watek bhatarane tedun makasami ring gigir Gunung Agung. Upacara ageng puniki kabawos Bhatara Turun Kabeh (Jawi purwa: ‘para bhatarane tedun makasami’) ring Pura Panataran Agung Besakih. Wadwa bhatarane inggih punika carakan Ida Hyang Widhi sane kaicen kawenangan nginkinang sekancan dhatu ring bhuwanane. Rikala upacara Bhatara Turun kabeh sane kamargiang nyabran Purnama Kadasa, sami para watek bhatarane kapuja. Krama Hindu saking sawewengkon Indonesia pada rawuh maaturan. Duaning banget akeh pamedek sane rawuh, upacara puniki kajejer kalih utawi tigang wuku, kapuputang antuk upacara ngalebar.

            Duk kaprabon Ida Dalem Waturengong ring satawarsa nem welas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh kamargiang ring Purnama Kapat (sawetara wulan Oktober), sinarengan pangawit masan sabeh. Sampun kenten, upacara puniki kagingsir ring Purnama Kadasa ring wulan April. Manut akudang wacanan purana, Bhatara Turun Kabeh minab mawit saking upacara sesambutan masan nedeng (musim semi) sane kasurat ring Wedane. Duk punika, angine magentos tuju lan becik pisan anggen lajuning prahu. Upacara puniki taler nyihnayang indike wenten pailetan Bali, Jawi lan India (Baratawarsa) ring purwamasa madasar antuk kawentenan upacara kabawos Bali Yatra ring India kangin. Ring pasisi kangin India, Bali Yatra kagelar ring wulan Oktober maka cihna wit leluhur ipun sane luas ngentasin pasih nuju dwipa doh ring kangin kabawos Bali. Ring wulan April, prahu-prahun ipun malabuh ring Bali.

            Bhatara Turun Kabeh wantah upacara nyabran warsa sane pihin ageng ring Besakih. Pura Besakih kapayasin rasmi pisan. Penjor-penjor kajejer lengkung becik. Para yowanane, anake lingsir, lan makeh panditane ngayah nyabran rahina. Wenten suaran gambelan, genta, mantra, sasolahan lan makeh malih atur-aturan sarahina tan pegat. Sami punika matatujon ngaturang parama suksma majeng Ida Hyang Widhi, para bhatarane miwah para laluhur sane suci." contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
          • Property "Holiday information text id" (as page type) with input value "ID] Tiap tahun, orang Bali memperingati hari penting saat semua dewa turun ke lereng Gunung Agung. Upacara besar ini disebut Bhatara Turun Kabeh (Jawa kuno: ‘para dewa turun semua’) di Pura Panataran Agung Besakih. Para dewa adalah abdi-abdi Tuhan Yang Maha Esa yang bertugas mengendalikan elemen-elemen alam. Pada saat Bhatara Turun kabeh yang dirayakan setiap Purnama Kadasa, semua dewa ini dipuja. Umat Hindu dari seluruh Indonesia datang beramai-ramai. Karena saking banyaknya pemedek yang datang, Bhatara Turun Kabeh dilangsungkan selama dua hingga tiga minggu yang ditutup dengan upacara ngalebar.

            Pada zaman Raja Waturengong di abad keenam belas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh dilangsungkan pada Purnama Kapat (sekitar bulan Oktober) bertepatan dengan awal musim hujan. Kemudian, perayaan kembali dilakukan pada Purnama Kadasa di bulan April. Menurut beberapa sumber sejarah, Bhatara Turun Kabeh kemungkinan berasal dari upacara penyambutan musim semi dalam kitab suci Hindu. Saat itu, angin pasat berubah arah dan membantu pelayaran. Perayaan ini juga mengindikasikan bahwa ada hubungan antara Bali, Jawa dan India pada masa lalu melalui suatu upacara bernama Bali Yatra di India Timur. Di pesisir timur India, Bali Yatra dirayakan pada bulan Oktober untuk mengenang leluhur mereka yang berlayar ke sebuah pulau di timur bernama Bali. Pada bulan April, kapal-kapal mereka berlabuh di Bali.

            Bhatara Turun Kabeh adalah upacara tahunan terbesar di Bali. Pura Besakih dihias dengan sangat menakjubkan. Penjor-penjor dipasang melengkung indah. Anak-anak muda, orang tua dan puluhan pendeta bertugas bergiliran setiap hari. Ada suara gambelan, genta, mantra, tari-tarian dan berbagai persembahan setiap hari tanpa henti. Semuanya bertujuan mempersembahkan puji syukur kepada Tuhan, para dewa dan leluhur yang suci." contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.