Duk

duk/
  • fiber, kind of a; palm leaf sheath that surrounds bases of leaves and looks like rough cloth
  • since
Andap
duk
Kasar
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Alus sor
-
Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Desa Kukuh Kecamatan Marga, Kabupaten Tabanan kasumbung ka mancanegari santukan kawentenan daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton. Ring Desa Kukuh taler akeh wenten kerajinan ukir kayu. Kerajinan puniki nglimbak duk warsa 1992. Kerajinan puniki sampun dados industri. Akeh krama Kukuh, cerik kelih tua bajang, makarya ring ukiran kayu. Kerajinan puniki taler nglimbak ke pakubon warga. Sane ngukir nenten krama lanang kemanten. Krama istri akeh taler waged ngukir kayu.

“Tiang ngukir uling SD. Tiang muruk jumah. Mbok tiang nguruka. Ngukir ringring maan upah 20 ribu. Sambilan ngempu nika.”

Inggih, asapunika prasida atur uningayang titiang indik kawentenan seni ukir ring Desa Kukuh.
[example 1]
The village of Kukuh in the district of Marga is known throughout many countries because of the tourist attraction called Alas Kedaton. In Kukuh there is also a lot of woodcarving. Woodcarving started to become popular in 1992 and has since become an industry. Many in the village of Kukuh – children, adults, the elderly as well as adolescents – engage in woodcarving. And woodcarving has become a cottage industry i.e. carvings are done at home. It is not only men who do woodcarving. There are also many women who are good at carving wood.

“I have been carving since Elementary School. I learned at home. My older sister taught me. Carving a ringring* gets me about twenty thousand Rupiah. I do it while looking after my children.” So that’s what I can tell you about the art of carving in Kukuh.

•Elaborately carved decorative edges for buildings, often painted.

Property "Word example text en" (as page type) with input value "The village of Kukuh in the district of Marga is known throughout many countries because of the tourist attraction called Alas Kedaton. In Kukuh there is also a lot of woodcarving. Woodcarving started to become popular in 1992 and has since become an industry. Many in the village of Kukuh – children, adults, the elderly as well as adolescents – engage in woodcarving. And woodcarving has become a cottage industry i.e. carvings are done at home. It is not only men who do woodcarving. There are also many women who are good at carving wood.

“I have been carving since Elementary School. I learned at home. My older sister taught me. Carving a ringring* gets me about twenty thousand Rupiah. I do it while looking after my children.” So that’s what I can tell you about the art of carving in Kukuh.

•Elaborately carved decorative edges for buildings, often painted." contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
No translation exists for this example.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   Nyoman Tusthi Eddy embas ring Dusun Pidpid Kecamatan Abang, Kabupaten Karangasem, Bali, duk tanggal 12 Desember 1945.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Wajah Tuhan: di Mata Penyair (1994)

In Balinese:   Raris dané ngalanturan pagenjahnyané tur nagingin manah malelana, dané malelana ngintar ring makudang-kudang panegara raris enceg ring Bali duk warsa 1952.

In English:   To further his studies and ignite his traveling spirit, he traveled extensively throughout the world before he finally landed in Bali in 1952.

In Indonesian:   Sebagai kelanjutan pendidikannya, sekaligus memenihu hasrat berkelananya, ia menjelajah keliling dunia hingga akhirnya menginjakkan kaki di Bali pada tahun 1952.

In Balinese:   Embas ring Denpasar, duk pinanggal 24 Desember 1988, dané jenek pisan ring jagat reriptan saking alit.

In English:   Born in Denpasar, December 24, 1988, he loved the world of writing since childhood.

In Indonesian:   Lahir di Denpasar, 24 Desember 1988, dia menyukai dunia tulis-menulis sejak kecil.

In Balinese:   Duk tanggal 6 November kategtegang dados rahina wanti warsa Kabupaten Badung.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   HUT Kabupaten Badung puniki janten kalaksanayang antuk ngelingang embasnyane Kota Mangupura sane karesmiang duk tanggal 16 november 2009 olih mantan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Punika mawinan, pemerintah Hindia Belanda ngelaksanayang ekspedisi militer ke Bali duk tanggal 20 September 1906.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Tanggal punika kaambil saking prasasti Pura Kehen C sane kamedalang olih raja Sri Adikunti Ketana sane madue adikuasa ring Bangli duk 1126 warsa Saka utawi 1204 warsa Masehi.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Sadurungnyane, ring Bangli duk abad ke-11 wenten wabah penyakit sane nglimbak taler ngawinang akeh parajana Bangline sane lunga saking Bangli.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Risampune ilang wabah penyakite punika, raja Sri Adikunti Ketana ngicenin putrannyane duk tanggal 10 Mei 1204, manut ring napi sane sampun kasurat ring Prasasti Kehen C.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   BBB ngadek duk tanggal 9 September 2009 taler dados silih sinunggil cakupan saking Kompas-Gramedia.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk kaprabon Ida Dalem Waturengong ring satawarsa nem welas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh kamargiang ring Purnama Kapat (sawetara wulan Oktober), sinarengan pangawit masan sabeh.

In English:   Therefore, the ceremony lasts for about two or three weeks, ended by a closing ceremony called Ngalebar.

In Indonesian:   Pada zaman Raja Waturengong di abad keenam belas, upacara Bhatara Turun Kabeh dilangsungkan pada Purnama Kapat (sekitar bulan Oktober) bertepatan dengan awal musim hujan.

In Balinese:   Duk punika, angine magentos tuju lan becik pisan anggen lajuning prahu.

In English:   According to some historical records, Bhatara Turun Kabeh was formerly a kind of summer celebration (Vasanta Ritu) as stated in Hindu Holy Scriptures.

In Indonesian:   Saat itu, angin pasat berubah arah dan membantu pelayaran.

In Balinese:   Sejarah Kabupaten Buleleng ngawit saking rikala Ki Gusti Ngurah Panji Sakti ngadegang kerajaan Buleleng duk warsa 1600an.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Buleleng inggih punika wastan istana sane kawangun olih Panji Sakti duk tanggal 30 Maret 1604 ring tengahin tegal jagung gambal sane kawastanin buleleng.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Cok Sawitri embas ring Sidemen, Karangasem, Bali, duk 1 September 1968.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Cok Sawitri lahir di Sidemen, Karangasem, Bali, 1 September 1968.

In Balinese:   Duk punika sahasa bapane teka nyag jag nyambak tur nigtig.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   I Cupak gobane bocok, kumis jempe, kales, brenges, lan bok barak keke alah duk.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Nanging, parindikan upacara puniki sane anyaran tur lewihan munggah ring cecakepan duk masan kaprabon Ida Dalem Waturenggong.

In English:   A more valid historical record, however, was written during King Waturenggong’s reign.

In Indonesian:   Namun, sumber sejarah yang lebih meyakinkan tentang upacara ini ada pada zaman Waturenggong.

In Balinese:   Gde Aryanta Soetama, embas ring Bali, duk 15 Juli 1955.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Gde Aryantha Soethama, lahir di Bali, 15 Juli 1955.

In Balinese:   Duk warsa 1979 ngantos warsa 1981, nyabran kalih wuku, dane ngaryanin skenario penyuluhan peternakan raris kasolahang ring Stasiun TVRI Denpasar.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Pada tahun 1979 sampai dengan 1981, setiap dua pekan, dia menulis skenario penyuluhan peternakan dan memerankannya untuk Stasiun TVRI Denpasar.

In Balinese:   Gde Aryanta Soetama ngawitin swaginannyane maka pangawi duk kari anom.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Gde Aryantha Soethama mengawali debutnya sebagai penulis sejak usia muda.

In Balinese:   Sejarah Kota Gianyar kakukuhang antuk Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Gianyar No.9 tahun 2004 duk tanggal 2 April 2004 indik “Hari jadi Kota Gianyar”.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk punika ngantos selantang periode risampune Kerajaan Gianyar masikian, sareng dados isin sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan ring Bali antuk minakadi sia kerajaan ring Klungkung, Karangasem, Buleleng, Mengwi, Bangli, Payangan, Badung, Tabanan, dan Gianyar Yening manut ring data administratif warsa 2016, Kabupaten Gianyar kakepah dados 7 kecamatan luire Kecamatan Sukawati (12 desa/kelurahan, 111 banjar dinas/lingkungan), Kecamatan Blahbatuh (9 desa/kelurahan, 67 banjar dinas/lingkungan), Kecamatan Gianyar (17 desa/kelurahan, 67 banjar dinas/lingkungan), Kecamatan Tampaksiring (8 desa/kelurahan, 70 banjar dinas/lingkungan), Kecamatan Ubud (8 desa/ kelurahan, 67 banjar dinas/lingkungan), Kecamatan Tegallalang (7 desa/kelurahan, 65 banjar dinas/lingkungan), dan Kecamatan Payangan (9 desa/kelurahan, 59 banjar dinas/lingkungan).

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   I Gusti Ayu Mas Triadnyani, embas ring Jakarta duk warsa, 2 Desémber 1967.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   I Gusti Ayu Agung Mas Triadnyani, lahir di Jakarta, 2 Desember 1967.

In Balinese:   Pesengan Ayu Laksmi nyansan kasub duk maka jayanti BRTV provinsi Bali warsa 1983 saking ketegori Trio sane kasarengin olih rakannyane Ayu Weda lan Ayu Partiwi sane mawasta “Ayu Sisters” raris ngamolihang jayanti III miwah sapisanan maka Trio sane “berpenampilan terbaik” acara BRTV tingkat Nasional.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Namun setelah album itu beredar namanya langsung menghilang dari industri musik Indonesia.

In Balinese:   Ayu Laksmi taler kauningin maka silih tunggil Lady Rocker ring balantika musik nasional rikala era warsa 1984-1993 Ayu sane mawit saking Bali prasida ngalimbak ring kuwub musik nasional, taler rikala makudang lagu lan Sountrack film sane kagendingang, dahat pepes kapiragi olih para pangoneng musik ring Indonesia duk punika.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Ayu pernah bermain dalam film Under the Tree (2008), Ngurah Rai (2013), Soekarno (2014), The Seen and Unseen (2017), Pengadi Setan (2017).

In Balinese:   Ring warsa 2011, kalih dasa warsa duk embas albumnyane kapertama, dane malih ngamedalang album anyarnyane, Svara Semesta.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Ayu kembali hijrah ke Bali pada tahun 1992 guna melanjutkan kuliah di Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana, dan lulus sebagai Sarjana Hukum pada tahun 1993.

In Balinese:   Pangawi senior Ketut Rida embas ring Banjar Kanginan, Désa Sulang, Kecamatan Dawan, Klungkung, duk 11 Séptémber 1939.

In English:   Senior poet I Ketut Rida was born in Banjar Kanginan, Désa Sulang, Kecamatan Dawan, Klungkung on September 11th, 1939.

In Indonesian:   Penyair senior I Ketut Rida lahir di Banjar Kanginan, Désa Sulang, Kecamatan Dawan, Klungkung, 11 September 1939.

In Balinese:   Indik makekawian utawi nyurat, dané maosang sampun mentuk duk kantun alit, sangkaning ngarahina dané polih satua saking odahé.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Itu sebabnya Ketut Rida merasa senang sampai sekarang.

In Balinese:   Nyoman Tusthi Éddy embas ring Dusun Pidpid Kecamatan Abang, Kabupatén Karangasem, Bali, duk tanggal 12 Désémber 1945.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk kari alit sampun kadaut ring seni gegambaran.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Sejak kanak dia telah tertarik dengan seni lukis.

In Balinese:   duk 2011 sarat nyarengin pameran, makadinipun, Museum Puri Lukisan, Museum Arma, Allcaps Gallery, Bentara Budaya Bali, Titian Artspace Ubud, Paradiso Ubud, Griya Santrian Gallery, Bale Banjar Sangkring Jogja.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Pada 2017 dia menggelar pameran tunggal “Rebirth” di Titian Art Space, Ubud.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasalin antuk basa Jawi purwa (Kawi) olih Mpu Yogiswara duk masan kaprabon Sang Prabu Airlangga.

In English:   The compilation is translated into old Javanese (Kawi) language by Mpu Yogiswara during King Airlangga’s reign.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Jawa Kuno (Kawi) oleh Mpu Yogiswara pada zaman Airlangga.

In Balinese:   Kusnoto Setyodiwiryo pinaka presiden saking Badan Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan duk tanggal 15 Juli 1959 sane linggahnyane 50 ha, sakewanten mangkin kebun raya sampun kalinggahang malih dados 157,5 ha.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Ida Dewa Agung Jambe inggih punika sang sane ngewangun Kerajaan Klungkung duk warsa 1686, miwah pinaka sentana saking Dinasti Gelgel.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk pemerintahan Dinasti Kepakisan ring Bali, sampun kaping kalih wenten pangingsiran genah pusat kerajaan saking tahun 1350-1908.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk tanggal 28 April 1992, Kota Klungkung karesmiang dados Kota Semarapura olih Menteri Dalam Negeri berdasarkan PP No. 18 warsa 1992.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Mangdane titiang padem, tur olahan titiange rasane becik, puniki muncuk ikuh titiange bebed antuk gilingan kapas miwah duk, usan kenten tunjel ikuh titiange”.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk warsa 1995, Gunawan aktif sareng ring makudang pameran ring Indonesia utawi ring dura Bali.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Sejak 1995, Gunawan aktif terlibat dalam pameran bersama, baik di dalam maupun luar negeri.

In Balinese:   Rikala duk warsa 1999, dane sampun nglaksanayang pameran tunggal.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Sementara itu, sejak 1999, dia telah menggelar pameran tunggal.

In Balinese:   Duk Siat Pandan, yowanane sane lanang masiat sareng kalih nganggen ron pandan maduwi lan tameng malakar aji ulat-ulatan penyalin.

In English:   During the Pandanus War, young men combat with one another by using thorny pandanus and rattan shield.

In Indonesian:   Pada saat Perang Pandan, pemuda laki-laki berduel dengan menggunakan perisai rotan dan senjata pandan berduri.

In Balinese:   Duk alit dane nyarengin bapannyane ngambar lan ngewarnen gambaran khas wayang ring Desa Kamasan, Klungkung.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Sejak kecil ia mengikuti ayahnya melukis dengan mewarnai lukisan khas wayang di Desa Kamasan, Klungkung.

In Balinese:   Duk palaksanan upacarane, anake sane jagi kaupacarain maseh tur kaicen wastra anyar sane luwih miwah kado saking kulawarga lan timpal-timpal ipun.

In English:   During the Mapandes ceremony, young people who will be given the blessing are well decorated and given gifts.

In Indonesian:   Saat upacara mapandes, anak muda yang akan diberikan pemberkatan dihias dengan baik dan diberikan hadiah.

In Balinese:   Duk kantun ring sekolah dasar dané sampun oneng nyurat Puisi, Cerpén miwah Drama.

In English:   Since elementary school she has been actively writing poetry, short stories, and drama.

In Indonesian:   Sejak sekolah dasar aktif menulis puisi, cerpen dan drama.

In Balinese:   Kakawian sané sampun kaunggahang marupa cakepan, minakadi:

Tembang Tanah Tonja (pupulan puisi sareng Nyoman Mastra) kamijilang olih IKIP PGRI Bali warsa 1993 123 Tembang Pramuka, kamijilang oleh Kwarran Klungkung duk warsa 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, lan 2010; Puputé Tan Sida Puput (Antologi Puisi 26 pangawi sajebag Jagat Bali) kamijilan olih Majalah SARAD lan Balai Bahasa Dénpasar, warsa 2001; Perani Kanti(Antologi puisi 26 pengawi sajebag Jagat Bali) kamijilang olih Majalah Canang Sari Gianyar, warsa 2002; Sekar Rampé Basa Bali, Panyangkep KTSP Muatan Lokal Basa Bali, kamijilang olih Pelawa Sari Dénpasar, warsa 2008 lan 2015.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Karangannya juga telah diterbitkan dalam bentuk kumpulan, seperti:

Tembang Tanah Tonja (kumpulan puisi bersama Nyoman Mastra) diterbitkan oleh IKIP PGRI Bali Tahun 1993.

123 nyanyian Pramuka, diterbitkan oleh Kwarran Klungkung pada tahun 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, dan 2010.

In Balinese:   Yaning anake rare padem duk yusa 42 rahina nyantos untun ipun ketus, upacara Ngelungah kalaksanayang.

In English:   If the child dies between the age of 42 days until their primary teeth are detached, the Ngelungah ceremony is performed.

In Indonesian:   Jika anak meninggal dalam usia antara usia 42 hari hingga giginya tanggal, maka upacara Ngelungah dilakukan.

In Balinese:   Duk rahina Pangerupukan, krama Bali ngigelang Ogoh-Ogoh pinaka pralambang pangulah sarwa adharma ring unteng raga soang-soang.

In English:   On Pangerupukan day, the Balinese carry Ogoh-ogoh (giant doll, representing demons) in colorful and splendid parades as a symbol of driving away evil characters in one’s self.

In Indonesian:   Di hari Pangerupukan, masyarakat Bali mengarak ogoh-ogoh sebagai simbol mengusir sifat-sifat jahat yang ada dalam diri seseorang.

In Balinese:   Sane mangkin makarya dados editor Kompas minggu, pahan saking Harian Kompas ring Jakarta, dane ngawiwitin embasnyane Workshop Cerpen Kompas sane manumadi dados Kelas Cerpen Kompas, duk 5 warsa ungkuran.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Kini bekerja sebagai editor Kompas Minggu, bagian dari Harian Kompas di Jakarta.

In Balinese:   Yening tetesang, Putu dados pangremba rubric Cerpen Kompas minggu, duk 10 warsa ungkuran.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Ia antara lain membidani lahirnya Workshop Cerpen Kompas yang kemudian menjelma menjadi Kelas Cerpen Kompas, sejak 5 tahun terakhir.

In Balinese:   Phyllis Spira ngawit ngigel duk matuuh petang tiban.

In English:   Phyllis Spira was dancing by the age of four.

In Indonesian:   Phyllis Spira mulai menari pada usia empat tahun.

In Balinese:   Taman Ujung kawangun olih raja Karangasem, inggih punika I Gusti Bagus Jelantik duk warsa 1909 sareng arsitek Van Den Hentz saking Belanda miwah Loto Ang saking Tiongkok.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Taman Ujung wusan kawangun duk warsa 1921 miwah duk warsa 1937 Taman Ujung Karangasem karesmiang nganggen prasasti marmer sane kasurat nganggen naskah aksara Latin miwah Bali nganggen kalih basa inggih punika basa Melayu sareng Basa Bali.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Duk warsa 1343, rawuh utusan saking Majapahit maparab Patih Mada (Gajah Mada) makta pabesen mangda Kebo Iwa kaulemin rawuh ring Jawi duaning pacang katemuang antuk anak istri sane awakne pateh ageng sakadi dane.

In English:   In 1343, there comes delegation from Majapahit kingdom named Patih Mada (Gajah Mada), requesting Kebo Iwa to come to Java because he is going to be married with a lady of the same bodily proportion.

In Indonesian:   Pada tahun 1343, datang utusan dari Majapahit yang bernama Patih Mada mohon agar Kebo Iwa dikirim ke Jawa untuk dikawinkan dengan putri Jawa yang seimbang dengan Patih Kebo Iwa, itulah tanda persahabatan Bali dengan Majapahit, Kebo Iwa pun berangkat ke Jawa.

In Balinese:   Pamargin lalintih sejarah ring babad puniki kakawitin saking satawarsa kasanga, inggih punika duk munggah natha Ida Sri Dalem Wirakesari Warmadewa (raja kapertama kerajaan Bali purwa) tur salanturnyane nyantos raja sane pinih untat inggih punika Sri Bedahulu (Astasura Ratna Bhumi Banten) sinarengin patih ida maparab Pasung Grigis.

In English:   The chronology in this scripture starts in the ninth century, in the reign of Sri Dalem Wirakesari Warmadewa (the founder of ancient Bali kingdom) and his descendants down to his last sucessor, Sri Bedahulu (Astasura Ratna Bhumi Banten) accompanied by his loyal prime minister Pasung Grigis.

In Indonesian:   Kronologi sejarah dalam babad ini dimulai pada abad kesembilan, yakni pada pemerintahan Sri Dalem Wirakesari Warmadewa (raja pertama kerajaan Bali kuno) dan seterusnya sampai kepada raja terakhir yaitu Sri Bedahulu (Astasura Ratna Bhumi Banten) dengan patihnya bernama Pasung Grigis.

In Balinese:   Ngawit nyurat puisi duk warsa 1990-an.

In English:   His writings are published in various local and national mass media, among them Kompas, Koran Tempo, Media Indonesia, Republika, Suara Pembaruan, The Jakarta Post, Jawa Post, Pikiran Rakyat, Bali Post, Jurnal Kebudayaan Kalam, Jurnal Cerpen Indonesia, Majalah Sastra Horison, Majalah Gong, Majalah Visual Arts, Majalah Arti, and Majalah Sarasvati.

In Indonesian:   Mulai menulis puisi sejak awal 1990-an.
  1. Made Sugianto