Bubuksah Gagakaking

Bubuksah BASAbali Wiki.jpg
Name of Lontar
Bubuksah Gagakaking
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Satua
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Jawapos
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    Summary


    In English

    Bubuksah Gagakaking is a lontar containing an allegory story of two hermits, Bubuksah and her elder brother, Gagakaking. Both learned spiritual knowledge from a teacher, but practiced their teachings in different ways. Bubuksah ate everything, while Gagakaking restrained himself by abstaining from eating. The two of them then meditated on Mount Wilis to get a gift from the gods.

    Gradually, the two of them often got into arguments because they were contradicting each other. Seeing the contradiction between the two brothers, Bhatara Guru sent Dewa Kalawijaya to disguise himself as a tiger. First of all, the tiger wanted to prey on Gagakaking. Gagakaking refused because he was very thin. Then, the tiger went to Bubuksah. Bubuksah was willing to offer himself as food for the hungry tiger.

    Seeing Bubuksah's determination, the tiger was then willing to take him to the place of the gods. However Bubuksah wanted his brother to participate. The tiger said, his brother must not ride on the tiger's back. Finally, Gagakaking clinged to the tail of the tiger on their way to heaven.

    There are various versions in this story, but the most complete version is in Lontar Bubuksah, the Gedong Kirtya collection. Some scholars interpret this story as a different way of attaining spiritual maturity. In essence, it is not the different ways that determine a person's success, but his determination. If a person abstains from various types of food, then he has to do it seriously to achieve success. If a person has not been able to restrain himself by abstaining from eating, he should try to continue as far as he can. But of course, their destination can’t be the same.

    In Balinese

    Bubuksah Gagakaking inggih punika lontar sane madaging satua alegori sasemon indik sang atapa kakalih, mapesengan Bubuksah miwah belinipun Gagakaking. Makakalih mlajah laku patapan saking guru sane pateh, sakewanten ipun nglaksanayang ajah-ajahan punika pada-pada malianan. Bubuksah ngajeng sami ajeng-ajengane, nanging Gagakaking mabrata nenten ngajeng. Makakalih laut ngelar tapa brata ring Gunung Wilis mangda polih panugrahan saking ida batara.

    Kasuen-suen, ipun makakalih sering saling tungkas duaning ajah-ajahanipun pada malianan. Nyingakin nyama tugelan punika maiegan, Batara Guru ngutus Sang Hyang Kalawijaya nyukti rupa dados macan. Kapertama, macan punika dot nyagrep Gagakaking sane berig tigrig. Gagakaking nulak, duaning awakipun berag pisan. Raris, macan punika lunga ring genah Bubuksah. Bubuksah nyadia pacang nyerahang dewekipun dados tetadahan i macan sane layah punika.

    Rumasa ngon antuk teguh atinipun Bubuksah, macan punika raris nyadia ngater ipun nuju genah para dewatane. Sakewanten, Bubuksah meled mangda belinipun kalugra sareng. Macan punika ngandika, belinipun nenten dados negak ring tundun i macan. Pamungkasne, Gagakaking magisian ring ikut macane punika selami ring margi nuju swargan.

    Wenten akeh versi satua puniki, nanging versi sane pinih jangkep wenten ring Lontar Bubuksah, koleksi Gedong Kirtya. Akudang sarjana sampun naenin narka satua puniki pinaka cara-cara sane malianan nuju kadiatmikan. Untengnyane, nenten ja cara-cara sane malianan punika sane nentuang, nanging kateguhan ati. Yening anake mabrata ajeng-ajengan, ipun musti seken-seken nglaksanayang brata punika nyantos puput. Yening anake durung prasida malaksana kadi punika, ipun patutne terus mautsaha nyantos sasidan-sidanipun.

    In Indonesian

    Bubuksah Gagakaking adalah sebuah lontar yang memuat cerita alegori mengenai dua orang petapa, yakni Bubuksah dan kakaknya, Gagakaking. Keduanya belajar ilmu spiritual dari seorang guru, namun mempraktikkan ajarannya dengan cara berbeda. Bubuksah memakan segala sesuatu, sedangkan Gagakaking mengekang diri dengan berpantang makan. Keduanya kemudian bertapa di Gunung Wilis untuk mendapatkan anugerah dari dewata.

    Lambat laun, keduanya sering terlibat dalam perdebatan karena saling bertolak belakang. Melihat pertentangan antara kedua bersaudara itu, Bhatara Guru mengutus Dewa Kalawijaya untuk menyamar menjadi harimau. Pertama-tama, harimau itu ingin memangsa Gagakaking yang kurus kering. Gagakaking menolak dengan alasan badannya amat kurus. Kemudian, harimau itu pergi ke Bubuksah. Bubuksah rela mempersembahkan dirinya sebagai makanan harimau lapar itu.

    Melihat keteguhan hati Bubuksah, harimau itu kemudian bersedia mengantarnya ke tempat para dewa. Namun Bubuksah ingin kakaknya turut serta. Harimau itu berkata, kakaknya tidak boleh menaiki punggung sang harimau. Akhirnya, Gagakaking berpegangan di ekor harimau itu dalam perjalanan mereka menuju surga.

    Ada berbagai versi dalam kisah ini, namun versi yang paling lengkap ada dalam Lontar Bubuksah, koleksi Gedong Kirtya. Beberapa sarjana menginterpretasi kisah ini sebagai cara berbeda untuk mencapai kematangan spiritual. Pada intinya, bukan cara-cara yang berbeda itu yang menentukan keberhasilan seseorang, namun keteguhan hatinya. Apabila orang berpantang berbagai jenis makanan, maka ia harus melakukannya dengan sungguh-sungguh hingga mencapai keberhasilan. Apabila seseorang belum mampu mengekang diri dengan berpantang makan, dia hendaknya berusaha terus sejauh mana dia bisa.

    Direct transcription/translation


    Bahasa Kawi/Kuno

    [n/a]

    In English

    In Balinese

    In Indonesian

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