Galungan (Buda Kliwon Dungulan)
- Holiday or Ceremony
- Galungan (Buda Kliwon Dungulan)
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- Book Bali Sekala and Niskala - Essays on Religion
- Ritual and Art
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Information about Holiday or Ceremony
Where did this ceremony take place:
Galungan mawit saking kruna galung ring basa Jawi purwa sane mateges jaya . Dadosne, galungan maarti kajayaan . Rahina suci sane kaebekin warna puniki rauh nyabran Buda kliwon wuku Dungulan, mewali kaping 210 rahina sapisan manut wuku. Galungan mapiteges rahina kajayan dharma saking adharma. Arahina sadurung Galungan kabaos Penampahan. Ring rahina Penampahan, krama Baline metaki-taki jaga maaturan benjangnyane. Wenten sane makarya banten, wenten taler sane ngeracik ajeng-ajengan. Arahina sawusan Galungan kabaos Umanis Galungan. Lumrahnyane para janane maplesiran sareng kulawarga lan sameton.
Galungan dados rahina prai paling suwe ring Bali lianan saking Nyepi. Sujatine, rahina Galungan mawit ring abad telu welas, daweg Ida Prabu Jayapangus saking lalintihan Warmadewa madeg nata ring gumi Bali. Jayapangus ngamedalang perarem pinanggal manut wuku sane mawali nyabran 210 rahina, nganutin polah pinanggalan Jawi sane manut masa. Pinanggalan manut wuku puniki purna anut ring ketekan rahina, nenten madasar pamargin wulan utawi surya. Sang Prabu Jayapangus ngamargiang pararem puniki duaning masan manyi ring Bali kalaksanayang ping kalih sabilang warsa. Duaning asapunika, rahina Galungan ping kalih awarsa dados rahina panyuksmaning manah i manusa antuk merta pasuwecan Ida Hyang Widhi.
In what could be a religious parallel, Christmas was ostensibly a Roman pagan rite (Saturnalia) that marked the winter solstice and then became subsumed by Christianity around the 4th century in a calculated move to bring in pagans to the church. Similarly, in some instances Galungan has been politicized by weaving in sectarian myths surrounding defeat of the King Maya Denawa of Balingkang near Kintamani. It is touted as the “triumph of good over evil”. Even today, despite the fact that various Balinese experts have already debunked this subsumption of Galungan (one Balinese Pedanda high priest I know simply snorted: “Politics” when I brought up the subject of Maya Denawa), the myth has stuck in various tourist brochures and supposedly “informative” blogs. And like Christmas, there are aspects of Galungan which are becoming somewhat commercial.
Though it might not be possible to precisely pinpoint the actual origin, there are a couple of obvious things which we can verify about Galungan, which differ from the solar season aspect of Christmas. It falls on the pawukon calendar, the ‘calendar of weeks’ consisting of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10 day weeks. Some of these weeks are more important in practical life than others. For example the 3, 5,7 day weeks regulate much of the ritual activity surrounding farming, markets, and yes magic. The 7 day weeks (wuku) are dominant in this calendar, there are 30 of them altogether, each with its own name."Read the full piece at http://ubudnowandthen.com/galungan-kuningan-cycles-within-cycles/?fbclid=IwAR2gKeiNM2IfJZd-QqdmTyOwL6euQPcmyzk8XvTMdwhj8fZOzCNwfR_zDHA