Galungan

glu\n/
  • a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma, celebrated once a Balinese year (every 210 days)
  • As for the series of the Galungan holiday, among others: Tumpek Wariga (25 days before Galungan day) Hindus glorify Sang Hyang Sangkara which is a manifestation of Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in his duty as the creator and protector of all plants in the world, then continued Sugihan Jawa (day of purification / purification of everything that is outside of human beings (Bhuana Agung)), Sugihan Bali (purification / self-cleaning / Bhuana Alit (Balinese word = Wali = inside)), Panyekeban (has a philosophical meaning for " nyekeb indriya ”which means restraining oneself from doing things that are not justified by religion), worshiping (establishing oneself to celebrate the Galungan holiday), Penampahan (welcoming Galungan day, characterized by making penjor, slaughtering pigs as a symbol of the killing of animalistic lust, making offerings and all the necessary ceremonies), Galungan (making prayers to temples), and Umanis Galungan (visiting relatives or friends) virgin, recreation and 'ngelawang' activities are often held)
Andap
Galungan
Kasar
Galungan
Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Oh inggih, Bu. Mangkin ampun jagi matanding anggén Galungan. Suksma.
Oh, right, Mom, now I'll prepare offerings for Galungan. Thank you.

Rahajeng Galungan miwah Kuningan.
Happy Galungan and Kuningan.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   Rahina Pegatwakan inggih punika rahina pinih untat ring raramyan Galungan lan Kuningan saking pangawitnyane ring Tumpek Wariga.

In English:   Pegatwakan day is the closing day of the entire Galungan and Kuningan holy weeks which starts on Tumpek Wariga day (see the entry on Ceremonies).

In Indonesian:   Hari Pegatwakan adalah hari penutup rangkaian hari raya Galungan yang dimulai dari Tumpek Wariga.

In Balinese:   Rahina puniki rauh sasur rahina wusan Galungan.

In English:   Pegatwakan day falls 35 days after Galungan.

In Indonesian:   Hari raya ini jatuh 35 hari setelah Galungan.

In Balinese:   Ring rahina puniki, sami penjore kapralina lan kageseng (dados cingakin indik penjor ring entri Galungan).

In English:   On this day, penjors are removed and burnt to ashes (you can see some more about penjor on Galungan entry).

In Indonesian:   Pada hari Pegatwakan, penjor dicabut dan dibakar (Anda bisa melihat sekilas tentang penjor di entri Galungan).

In Balinese:   Manut tattwa, penjor kaanggen ritatkala galungan patutne malakar antuk raremahan prani.

In English:   Philosophically, penjors made for Galungan day should be made entirely of organic materials.

In Indonesian:   Menurut filosofi, penjor yang dibuat untuk hari raya Galungan mestinya terbuat dari unsur-unsur organik.

In Balinese:   Galungan dados rahina prai paling suwe ring Bali lianan saking Nyepi.

In English:   Galungan is a major holiday in Bali, just like Nyepi.

In Indonesian:   Hari raya Galungan adalah hari libur utama di Bali selain Nyepi.

In Balinese:   Sujatine, rahina Galungan mawit ring abad telu welas, daweg Ida Prabu Jayapangus saking lalintihan Warmadewa madeg nata ring gumi Bali.

In English:   The celebration of Galungan began in the 13th century when Bali was ruled by King Jayapangus of Warmadewa dynasty.

In Indonesian:   Perayaan Galungan dimulai pada abad ketiga belas, saat Bali diperintah oleh Raja Jayapangus dari dinasti Warmadewa.

In Balinese:   Galungan mawit saking kruna ‘galung’ ring basa Jawi purwa sane mateges ‘jaya’.

In English:   Galungan is derived from an old Javanese root adjective ‘galung’ which means ‘victorious’.

In Indonesian:   Galungan berasal dari kata ‘galung’ dalam bahasa Jawa kuno yang berarti ‘menang’.

In Balinese:   Duaning asapunika, rahina Galungan ping kalih awarsa dados rahina panyuksmaning manah i manusa antuk merta pasuwecan Ida Hyang Widhi.

In English:   So, Galungan is a moment of being grateful of the Lord’s mercy to human beings.

In Indonesian:   Hari raya Galungan dua kali setahun ini adalah ungkapan syukur kepada Tuhan atas semua berkah yang Dia berikan kepada manusia.

In Balinese:   Galungan mapiteges rahina kajayan dharma saking adharma.

In English:   Galungan has a philosophy of victory over evils.

In Indonesian:   Galungan bermakna hari kemenangan tehadap sifat-sifat jahat.

In Balinese:   Dadosne, ‘galungan’ maarti ‘kajayaan’.

In English:   So, ‘galungan’ means ‘victory’.

In Indonesian:   Jadi, ‘galungan’ berarti ‘kemenangan’.

In Balinese:   Arahina sadurung Galungan kabaos Penampahan.

In English:   A day prior to Galungan is called Penampahan.

In Indonesian:   Sehari sebelum Galungan disebut Penampahan.

In Balinese:   Arahina sawusan Galungan kabaos Umanis Galungan.

In English:   A day after Galungan is called Umanis Galungan.

In Indonesian:   Sehari setelah Galungan dinamakan Umanis Galungan.

In Balinese:   [BA] Dasa lemeng sasampun Galungan inggih punika rahina Kuningan.

In English:   [EN] Ten days after Galungan day is called Kuningan.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Sepuluh hari setelah Galungan adalah hari raya Kuningan.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Dasa lemeng sasampun Galungan inggih punika rahina Kuningan.| ]]

In Balinese:   Dudonan Galungan lan Kuningan satata kalaksanayang maka aderet nyabran nem sasih manut pawukon.

In English:   Galungan and Kuningan always come as one sequence of festivals every six months of Balinese pawukon calendar.

In Indonesian:   Galungan dan Kuningan selalu hadir dalam satu rentetan festival yang datang setiap enam bulan sekali menurut kalender Bali berdasarkan pawukon.

In Balinese:   Akeh reramyan, woh-wohan tasak, ajeng-ajengan jaen, miwah pradesa kahyas warna-warni prasida cingakin ritatkala Galungan lan Kuningan.

In English:   A lot of beautiful things, ripen fruits, delicious cuisine and colorful villages are seen during Galungan and Kuningan.

In Indonesian:   Banyak benda yang indah, buah-buahan yang matang, masakan yang lezat dan desa-desa yang berwarna-warni terlihat kala Galungan dan Kuningan.

In Balinese:   Dudonannyane tambis pateh sakadi Galungan.

In English:   The procession is quite the same as Galungan day.

In Indonesian:   Prosesi upacaranya relatif sama dengan Galungan.

In Balinese:   Ritatkala rainan suci puniki rauh, sakadi pinget majeng krama Hindu di Bali yening selae likur rahina sane jagi rauh krama Baline pacang ngamargiang rainan suci Galungan.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Ring rahina Galungan lan Kuningan, bebarongan sane pinaka pangraksa wawengkon desa lunga malancaran kalih ngicen waranugraha lan suraksa ring kramane.

In English:   In some villages, especially Tegal Darmasaba (Badung), Taro (Gianyar), Baturiti (Tabanan), and many more, ngelawang is done in a big and splendid procession.

In Indonesian:   Di beberapa desa, seperti Desa Adat Tegal Darmasaba (Badung), Taro (Gianyar), Baturiti (Tabanan), dan masih banyak lagi, ngelawang dilakukan secara besar-besaran.

In Balinese:   Ngelawang lumrahnyane kapiletin olih krama desa pakraman nyabran rahina Galungan lan Kuningan.

In English:   It comes from the word ‘lawang’ which means ‘gate’.

In Indonesian:   Asal katanya dari ‘lawang’ yang berarti gerbang.

In Balinese:   Panyanggran rahina Pagerwesi ring Denbukit kirang langkung pateh ramene saking Galungan ring Bali kelod.

In English:   Preparing for this holiday is almost equal to how people in south Bali prepare for Galungan day.

In Indonesian:   Persiapan untuk Pagerwesi di Bali utara nyaris sama sibuknya dengan Galungan di Bali bagian selatan.

In Balinese:   Yadiastun Soma Ribek nenten saloktah Galungan utawi Nyepi, kawigunannyane janten taler pinih utama.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Kakalihe rauh awuku sadurung Galungan.

In English:   Both are celebrated simultaneously a week before Galungan week.

In Indonesian:   Kedua hari Sugihan ini dirayakan pada minggu sebelum Galungan.

In Balinese:   Raris, kramane mesaa asih ring tarune mangda ipun mabuah akeh tur ngerampyak ring Galungan sane jagi rauh.

In English:   Then the Balinese talk to the plants with affection so that they bear many nice fruits for the next Galungan day.

In Indonesian:   Kemudian, warga bicara dengan pohon dengan kasih sayang, agar pohon itu berbuah lebat saat Galungan nanti.