I Gusti Nyoman Lempad

An1magine an1mage lempad 1.jpg
Full Name
I Gusti Nyoman Lempad
Pen Name
Lempad
Photograph by
Link to Photograph
https://www.an1mage.org/2017/09/i-gusti-nyoman-lempad-dagger-attack-on.html
Place

Biography


In English

BALI'S MOST WELL-KNOWN ARTIST, I Gusti Nyoman Lempad (1862-1978), was born in the village of Bedahulu in Gianyar, south-central Bali. He was a master artisan, carver, and architect. His ink drawings on paper, many with touches of color, are internationally famous. Their clarity, expression, composition, and form are unmatched to this very day.

Lempad's narrative works focus on figures, movements, and details. The blank backgrounds, a feature seen in traditional drawings for amulets, death shrouds, and some styles of manuscript illustrations, evoke the appearance of wayang kulit (leather puppets) figures against a plain white screen.

Lempad illustrated famous and lesser known episodes from Indian epic mythology and Balinese folklore. He often added erotic and humorous elements. Many of his drawings were done as a series of narrative episodes, the traditional manner of doing prasi (illustrations for stories) on dried lontar (palmyra palm) leaves or paper.

The artist lived most of his very long and productive life in Ubud, where his family, due to political problems during the late 1800s, had moved to when he still was a young child. Lempad designed a part of the royal residence and a temple in Ubud. He knew most of the famous foreigners who lived in or visited Bali from the 1920s until his death in 1978.

Many of Lempad's works were collected by the artist Walter Spies (German, 1895-1942). When Nazi Germany invaded Holland in 1940, Spies and other German nationals living in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) were arrested by the colonial authorities. Spies brought along with him to Batavia (Jakarta) a series of ten drawings by Lempad of the Brayut folk tale, which he left for safekeeping with his friend M. Bruyns.

Spies was killed during World War II when the ship Van Imhoff transferring him to a detention camp in ceylon (Sri Lanka) was hit and sunk by a Japanese bomb. Before Bruyns died in 1980 he gave the works which Spies had left with him to Dr. Jacob Vredenbreght. In 1984, Vredenbreght presented these ten drawings to the Neka Museum. Along with seven other pieces, the Neka Art Museum now has one of the largest single collections of works by Lempad.

Awards:

Piagam Anugerah Seni (Indonesia, 1970) Wijaya Kusuma (Indonesia , 1975)

Dharma Kusuma (Bali, 1982)

In Balinese

In Indonesian

Berikut ini adalah cuplikan film dokumenter yang berkisah tatkala Lawrence dan Lorne Blair mengunjungi sang maestro berusia 116 tahun, I Gusti Nyoman Lempad, di Ubud . Keduanya beruntung bisa mengabadikan Lempad jelang wafatnya. Banyak orang mengatakan bahwa sang maestro itu wafat pada hari yang dipilihnya sendiri.

Gusti Nyoman Lempad adalah seorang pematung dan arsitek dimana karya - karyanya banyak kita temui di Puri dan Pura di Ubud saat ini. Di Denpasar, Patung Catur Muka di perempatan lapangan Puputan adalah salah satu karyanya yang masih bisa kita lihat.

Di dalam naungan pengaruh keluarga Puri, Lempad mengasah bakat seninya dalam arsitektur tradisi Bali, termasuk dalam seni pahat dan ukir. Tak hanya soal seni, Lempad juga memiliki pemahaman tentang ritual dan spiritual ketika mendirikan tempat suci.

Selain pematung (Undagi), ia juga terkenal dengan karya - karya lukisanya yang lebih banyak bercerita tentang mitologi Hindu Bali. Pada akhir 1920-an, Lempad mulai berkarya menggunakan media kertas. Dia masih menggunakan cara melukis tradisional, menggunakan kuas dan tinta hitam. Rudolf Bonnet dan Walter Spies mendukungnya dengan memberikan kertas seni kepada Lempad.

Bersama Bonnet dan Spies, dia turut mendirikan Pita Maha, sebuah kelompok seniman yang mendefinisikan ulang seni lukis Bali pada 1930-an. Kelak kelompok seniman tersebut menggelar pameran lukisan pertama mereka di Bali dan luar negeri, yang menjadi salah satu pemicu mengapa Bali mempunyai daya tarik untuk dikunjungi.

Tidak ada yang mengetahui kapan pastinya ia dilahirkan. Yang ia ingat, ia menikah saat Gunung Karakatu meletus pada tahun 1883. Ia meninggal pada 25 April 1978 (Selasa ke 4 pada bulan ke 4) di rumahnya di Ubud . Sebelum ia meninggal, ia mengumpulkan semua keluarga dan meminta mereka untuk memandikannya.

Examples of work