Nawa Dewata Stuti

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Name of Lontar
Nawa Dewata Stuti
Identification
Stuti
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Nawa Dewata Stuti
Background information

    Summary


    In English

    Nawa Dewata Stuti is a series of mantras worshiping the Dewata Nawa Sangga commonly spoken by the dwijati pandita in Bali. These spells are contained in a sixteenth-century papyrus known as the Stuti Nawa Dewata. This ejection was not widely disseminated but was only passed on among the priests. In this collection of mantras, there is worship of the Gods of Nawa Sangga, the nine gods who reside in various temples in Bali and guard the direction of the wind. Hinduism in Bali in the Middle Ages strongly emphasized the worship of Tri Murti, namely Brahma as the creator, Vishnu as the preserver and Shiva as the fuser. The Tri Murti concept was later adopted into the Gods of Nawa Sanga. Because Hinduism in Bali adheres to the concept of Shiva, the Gods of Nawa Sanga in Bali are also influenced by the concept of Shiva.

    In Balinese

    Nawa Dewata Stuti inggih punika pulpulan mantra pangastuti ring Dewata Nawa Sangga sane sampun lumrah kauncarang olih para sulinggih dwijatine ring Bali. Mantra-mantra puniki munggah ring lontar saking satawarsa kaping nem welas tur kabaos Lontar Nawa Dewata Stuti. Lontar puniki nenten ja akeh kauningin duaning mantra-mantrane pinih pingit tur kawedar ring kalangan para sulinggih kemanten.

    Ring pulpulan mantra puniki wenten puja pangastuti mantuka ring Dewata Nawa Sangga, inggih punika sanga dewata sane mastana ring akudang pura ring Bali tur rumaksa makasami disayane. Agama Hindu ring Bali duk satawarsa pertengahan banget ngutamayang bhakti ring Sang Hyang Tri Murti, inggih punika Bhatara Brahma pinaka pangarsa jagat, Bhatara Wisnu pinaka sang rumaksa jagat, tur Bhatara Siwa pinaka panglebur jagat. Tattwan Tri Murti puniki laut lebur ring tattwan Dewata Nawa Sangane. Duaning Hindu di Bali anut ring katattwaning Siwa, nika mawinan Dewata Nawa Sanga ring Bali taler kacampuh antuk tattwan Kasaiwan.

    In Indonesian

    Nawa Dewata Stuti adalah rangkaian mantra pemujaan terhadap Dewata Nawa Sangga yang biasa diucapkan oleh para pandita dwijati di Bali. Mantra-mantra ini termuat dalam sebuah lontar dari abad keenam belas yang dikenal sebagai Nawa Dewata Stuti. Lontar ini tidak disebarluaskan secara umum melainkan hanya diturunkan di kalangan pendeta saja. Dalam kumpulan mantra ini, terdapat pemujaan kepada Dewata Nawa Sangga, yakni Sembilan dewata yang berstana di berbagai pura di Bali dan menjaga arah mata angin. Agama Hindu di Bali pada abad pertengahan sangat menekankan pemujaan kepada Tri Murti, yakni Brahma sebagai pencipta, Wisnu sebagai pemelihara dan Siwa sebagai pelebur. Konsep Tri Murti ini kemudian diadopsi ke dalam Dewata Nawa Sanga. Karena Hindu di Bali menganut konsep Siwa, maka Dewata Nawa Sanga di Bali juga dipengaruhi konsep Siwaisme.

    Direct transcription/translation


    Bahasa Kawi/Kuno

    Purve tu isvaradeva agneyyam tu mahesvarah Daksine bhagavan brahma nairittyam rudra eva ca Pascime tu mahadevo vayavye sankaras tatha Uttare vishnudevata aisanyam sambhur ucyate

    In English

    Isvara is the Lord of Eastern Direction, Mahesvara of South East, Brahma of South, Rudra of South West, Mahadeva of West, Sankara of North West, Vishnu of North, and Sambhu of North East.

    In Balinese

    Sang Hyang Iswara pinaka dewataning ler, Maheswara ring kelod-kangin, Brahma ring kidul, Rudra ring kelod kauh, Mahadewa ring kulon, sankara ring kaja kauh, Wisnu ring lor, lan Sambhu ring kaja kangin.

    In Indonesian

    Dewa iswara berada di timur, mheswara di tenggara, Brahma di selatan, Rudra di barat daya, mahadewa di barat, sangkara di barat laut, Wisnu di utara dan Sambhu di timur laut.

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