Economic Insecurity and Stress as Determinants Of COVID-19 Preventive Behaviour In Denpasar

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Title of article (Indonesian)
Kerentanan Ekonomi dan Persepsi Stres Sebagai Determinan Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19 di Denpasar
Title of article (Balinese)
Pikobet Ekonomi lan Persepsi Setres Pinaka Pamekrana Utama Parilaksana Natingin COVID-19 ring Denpasar.
Original title language
English
Title (other local language)
Author(s)
Subjects
  • Covid-19
  • economic
  • insecurity
  • perceived stress
  • prevention
  • behavior
Title of Journal
Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia
Volume and Issue number
9,2
Date of Publication
2021/11/28
Page Numbers
124-134
Link to whole article
https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JAKI/article/view/23739
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        Abstract


        In English

        The COVID-19 pandemic has constituted concurrent public health and economic crises. An inter-correlation between economic and public health impacts due to the COVID-19 pandemic needs to be studied to improve mitigation measures. This study identified a correlation of the economic insecurity and perceived stress with adherence to recommended preventive behaviours. This across-sectional analytic study was conducted to adults in the working areas of East Denpasar Primary Healthcare Center I. Respondents were selected using consecutive sampling and given a self-administered questionnaire. The research variables included demographic characteristics, economic insecurity indicators, perceived stress, and adherence to handwashing, mask-wearing, physical distancing, and limitation on the social gathering. Correlations, linear regressions, and path analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS 23.0. As many as 161 respondents of which 34.2% males were involved had a mean age of 36.31 (± 7.16) years. Sex, job insecurity, income insecurity, and perceived stress were found as independent determinants in females. Female sex and job insecurity was associated with better preventive behaviours with an adjusted β value of 0.276 and 0.306, while income insecurity and perceived stress had the opposite association with a β value of -0.247 and -0.224. There are correlations between economic insecurity and preventive behavioural practices during COVID-19. It is suggested that public health policies against COVID-19 cover measures of economic safety nets to improve adherence

        In Balinese

        Pandemi covid-19 marupa pikobet kesehatan lan ekonomi prajanane sane metu sinarengan. Paiketan ngeninin pakeweh ekonomi lan kesehatan wargine sane kawetuang olih pandemi covid-19 patut kapitatasin mangdennye prasida nincapang utsaha mangirangin. Panyuratan puniki mitelesin paiketan pakeweh ekonomi lan setres sane karumasayang mantuka ring kasusatyan ipune ring pawarah ngeninin utsaha natingin panyungkan inucap. Metode: metode panyuratan analitik potong lintang puniki kalaksanayang mantuka ring wargi sane sampun kelih ring wawidangan pangayah ayah Puskesmas l Denpasar Timur. Sampel kajudi riantuk consecutive sampling,data kapupulang riantuk kuesioner sane kasurat ngaraga. Variabel sane katulengin minakadi demografi,indikator pakeweh ekonomi,persepsi setres, tinut ngawangsuh tangan,angangge masker, karaketan angga lan angirangin parikrama sosial. Analisa korelasi, regresi linier lan analisis jalur kalaksanayang riantuk ngawigunayang IBM SPSS 230. Mawilang 161 responden marupa 34,2 persen lanang lanang mayusia rarate 36,31 kirang langkung 7,16 warsa. Para istri, pakeweh ngeninin pekaryan, pikobet pikolihan lan setres sane karumasayang kapanggihin pinaka determinan independen.Para istri lan pakeweh pakaryan sane gumanti lintangan kapanggihin mapaiketan mantuka ring parilaksana pangelimpas sane sayan becik maduwe nilai adjusted B suang suang 0,276 lan 0,306. Taler kapanggihin paiketan sane matungkas ngeninin pikobet pikolihan lan persepsi setres maduwe nilai B suang suang -0,247 lan - 0,224. Cutet ipun wenten paiketan pakeweh ekonomi lan parilaksana preventif selami pandemi covid-19.Panyuratan puniki miteketang mangdennye kawicaksanan nabdab kesehatan inggih punika covid-19 taler maridabdab sekancan utsaha ngeninin jaring pengaman ekonomi mangdennye prasida nincapang kasusatyan prajanane.

        In Indonesian

        Pandemi COVID-19 merupakan krisis kesehatan dan ekonomi masyarakat yang terjadi bersamaan. Keterkaitan antara dampak ekonomi dan kesehatan masyarakat akibat pandemi COVID-19 perlu dikaji untuk meningkatkan upaya mitigasi. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi hubungan antara ketidakamanan ekonomi dan stres yang dirasakan dengan kepatuhan terhadap rekomendasi perilaku pencegahan.Metode:Penelitian analitik potong lintang ini dilakukan pada orang dewasa di wilayah pelayanan Puskesmas I Denpasar Timur. Sampel direkrut dengan consecutive sampling dan data dikumpulkan dengan kuesioner yang diisi sendiri. Variabel yang diteliti meliputi demografi, indikator kerentanan ekonomi, persepsi stres, kepatuhan mencuci tangan, pemakaian masker, jarak fisik, dan pembatasan aktivitas sosial. Analisa korelasi, regresi linier, dan analisis jalur dilakukan dengan menggunakan IBM SPSS 23.0. Sebanyak 161 responden yang terdiri atas 34,2% laki-laki memiliki usia rata-rata 36,31 (± 7,16) tahun. Jenis kelamin perempuan, kerentanan pekerjaan, kerentanan pendapatan, dan stres yang dirasakan ditemukan sebagai determinan independen. Jenis kelamin perempuan dan kerentanan pekerjaan yang lebih tinggi ditemukan berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan yang lebih baik dengan nilai adjusted β masing-masing 0,276 dan 0,306. Sementara itu, terdapat hubungan yang yang berlawanan antara kerentanan pendapatan dan persepsi stres dengan nilai β masing-masing -0,247 dan -0,224. Terdapat hubungan antara ketidakamanan ekonomi dan praktik perilaku preventif selama pandemic COVID-19. Penelitian ini menyarankan agar kebijakan kesehatan masyarakat terhadap COVID-19 membahas tentang langkah-langkah dalam jaring pengaman ekonomi untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan.