Kakawin

kkwin/
  • poetry written in the Old Javanese language, which was the literary language of Java from about the 9th. through the 15th. centuries. This same literary language was studied and written in Bali and is used today for readings and performances, often for ceremonial occasions such as cremations and odalans, but sometimes in recreational clubs. The meters of the kakawin poems are called wirama. Each wirama has a fixed pattern of long and short syllables, a pattern not found in Indonesian languages. Kakawin stanzas usually have four lines. Thematically, kakawin poems are usually concerned with the heroes of the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Jimbaran kakawin is only performed during a ceremony, such as a cremation, outside a temple, never in a temple. (Mider) (Noun)
Andap
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Kasar
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Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
kakawin
Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Ngiring ngwacen kakawin Ramayana.
Let’s read kakawin Ramayana.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   [BA] Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha inggih punika modifikasi saking carita sejarah ring Mahabharata, utamannyane Adi Parwa.

In English:   [EN] Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha is a modification of the historical story in the Mahabharata, especially in Wana Parwa.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha adalah modifikasi dari kisah sejarah dalam Mahabharata, terutama dalam Adi Parwa.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha inggih punika modifikasi saking carita sejarah ring Mahabharata, utamannyane Adi Parwa.| ]]

In Balinese:   Ring pangawit kakawin puniki wenten carita indik Arjuna nglaksanayang patapan ring Giri Mahameru, matetujon ngamolihang sanjata saking Bhatara Indra.

In English:   [EN] Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha is a modification of the historical story in the Mahabharata, especially in Wana Parwa.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha adalah modifikasi dari kisah sejarah dalam Mahabharata, terutama dalam Adi Parwa.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki, yadiastun ring akudang carita tan anut ring sejarah aslinnyane, wantah kaloktah pisan ring Bali.

In English:   [EN] Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha is a modification of the historical story in the Mahabharata, especially in Wana Parwa.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha adalah modifikasi dari kisah sejarah dalam Mahabharata, terutama dalam Adi Parwa.

In Balinese:   Kewanten, yening kadadosang rujukan sejarah, kakawin puniki tan anut duaning akeh satuannyane kamodifikasi.

In English:   In 1019-1042 A.D., the story of this ascetic Arjuna was translated and written in the form of ancient Javanese kakawin by Mpu Kanwa.

In Indonesian:   Pada tahun 1019-1042, kisah Arjuna bertapa ini diterjemahkan dan ditulis dalam bentuk kakawin berbahasa Jawa kuno oleh Mpu Kanwa.

In Balinese:   Duk warsa 1019-1042, carita Arjuna matapa puniki kasalin basa tur kasurat marupa kakawin mabasa Jawi purwa olih Mpu Kanwa.

In English:   In 1019-1042 A.D., the story of this ascetic Arjuna was translated and written in the form of ancient Javanese kakawin by Mpu Kanwa.

In Indonesian:   Pada tahun 1019-1042, kisah Arjuna bertapa ini diterjemahkan dan ditulis dalam bentuk kakawin berbahasa Jawa kuno oleh Mpu Kanwa.

In Balinese:   [BA] Silih sinunggil kakawin sane pinih bawak inggih punika Banawa Sekar, lumrah kabawos Banawa Sekar Tanakung duaning kasurat olih Mpu Tanakung duk warsa 1351 Masehi.

In English:   [EN] One of the shortest kakawins is Banawa Sekar, which is commonly called Banawa Sekar Tanakung because it was written by Mpu Tanakung in 1351 AD.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Salah satu kakawin yang paling pendek adalah Banawa Sekar, yang lumrah disebut Banawa Sekar Tanakung karena ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung pada tahun 1351 Masehi.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Silih sinunggil kakawin sane pinih bawak inggih punika Banawa Sekar, lumrah kabawos Banawa Sekar Tanakung duaning kasurat olih Mpu Tanakung duk warsa 1351 Masehi.| ]]

In Balinese:   Wantah wenten 12 pada ring kakawin puniki, kapahpah dados tigang bab utawi sargah.

In English:   [EN] One of the shortest kakawins is Banawa Sekar, which is commonly called Banawa Sekar Tanakung because it was written by Mpu Tanakung in 1351 AD.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Salah satu kakawin yang paling pendek adalah Banawa Sekar, yang lumrah disebut Banawa Sekar Tanakung karena ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung pada tahun 1351 Masehi.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasurat olih Mpu Tanakung (nenten pesengan asli) daweg Ida Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk ngamargiang yadnya Sraddha (Maligia) ageng mantuka ring ratu niang ida (Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri) ring alun-alun puri Majapahit.

In English:   Many priests, royal families, nobles and all Majapahit officials were present to offer prayers and respect for the deity of Rajapatni Gayatri which was seated on a white throne.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung (bukan nama asli) tatkala Raja Hayam Wuruk melakukan sebuah korban suci besar (Sraddha) yang ditujukan kepada mendiang neneknya, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, di alun-alun istana Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Dane ngaptiang mangda kakawin punika prasida katerima tur nyenengin ida sang prabu Hayam Wuruk sadurung kakawin punika kasalin marupa lontar.

In English:   Banawa Sekar means "boat of flowers".

In Indonesian:   Banawa Sekar berarti “perahu yang terbuat bunga”.

In Balinese:   Zoetmulder (1983) nyalin kakawin puniki ring aksara Latin tur taler kasalin basa ring basa Belanda lan Indonesia.

In English:   [EN] One of the shortest kakawins is Banawa Sekar, which is commonly called Banawa Sekar Tanakung because it was written by Mpu Tanakung in 1351 AD.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Salah satu kakawin yang paling pendek adalah Banawa Sekar, yang lumrah disebut Banawa Sekar Tanakung karena ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung pada tahun 1351 Masehi.

In Balinese:   Ring panguntat carita kakawin puniki wenten satua indik pangwales dendam olih Asvatthama (mungah ring Sauptika Parwa), kewanten kakawin puniki nenten nyaritayang indik uwugnyane panegara Dwarawati.

In English:   Then war broke out between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Bharatayuddha mengisahkan tentang peperangan selama 18 hari di medan perang Kuruksetra.

In Balinese:   [BA] Kakawin Bharatayuddha nyaritayang indik payudan selami plakutus lemeng ring rana Kuruksetra.

In English:   Then war broke out between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Bharatayuddha mengisahkan tentang peperangan selama 18 hari di medan perang Kuruksetra.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Kakawin Bharatayuddha nyaritayang indik payudan selami plakutus lemeng ring rana Kuruksetra.| ]]

In Balinese:   Tlataran ring Kakawin Bharatayuddha ngedas pateh saking tlataran payudan sane munggah ring Mahabharata kasurat olih Ida Bhagawan Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa sawetara 5.000 warsa sane sampun lintang.

In English:   Then war broke out between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Bharatayuddha mengisahkan tentang peperangan selama 18 hari di medan perang Kuruksetra.

In Balinese:   Ring manggala (pangawit) kakawin puniki wenten pada atur-aturan majeng ring Paduka Raja Jayabhaya.

In English:   This Kakawin Bharatayuddha is a shortened version of Bhisma Parwa, Drona Parwa, Karna Parwa, Salya Parwa to Swargarohana Parwa.

In Indonesian:   Kisah dalam Kakawin Bharatayuddha dimulai dengan kedatangan Sri Krishna sebagai duta perdamaian bagi para Pandava.

In Balinese:   Kakawin Bharatayuddha puniki inggih punika reringkesan Bhisma Parwa, Drona Parwa, Karna Parwa, Salya Parwa nyantos Swargarohana Parwa.

In English:   This Kakawin Bharatayuddha is a shortened version of Bhisma Parwa, Drona Parwa, Karna Parwa, Salya Parwa to Swargarohana Parwa.

In Indonesian:   Kisah dalam Kakawin Bharatayuddha dimulai dengan kedatangan Sri Krishna sebagai duta perdamaian bagi para Pandava.

In Balinese:   Kawentenan Kakawin Bhomantaka puniki ngayuktiang indike kawentenan kasusastraan ring krama Jawi purwa sampun luhur, utamannyane ring masa kaprabon Ida Sang Prabu Airlangga.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Adanya Kakawin Bhomantaka membuktikan bahwa tingkat kesusastraan masyarakat Jawa kuno sudah tergolong tinggi pada zaman Airlangga.

In Balinese:   Bhomantaka taler kawastanin Bhomakawya, inggih punika silih sinunggil kakawin pinih purwa lan pinih dawa ring sejarah kasusastraan Jawi purwa.

In English:   Bhomantaka is also known as Bhomakawya, the oldest and the longest kakawin compilation in the history of old Javanese literature.

In Indonesian:   Bhomantaka disebut juga Bhomakawya, sebuah kakawin tertua dan terpanjang dalam sejarah kesusastraan Jawa kuno.

In Balinese:   Silih sinunggil kakawin sane karipta olih ida inggih punika Hanyang Nirartha, sane karipta ring don lontar.

In English:   The Kakawin is said to have been written along the coast of southern Bali, when he saw the scenery of the beach and pudak trees (pandanus) that smelled so fragrant.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin tersebut konon ditulis di sepanjang pantai Bali selatan, tatkala beliau melihat pemandangan pantai dan pohon-pohon pudak (pandanus) yang berbau harum.

In Balinese:   Buku punika nyritayang indik sapunapi Ida Dang Hyang Nirartha ritatkala ngawi kakawin punika ring salantang lampah ida ring pasisi Bali kelod nyantos Uluwatu.

In English:   A “pujasastra” means a work of literature that aims to praise someone or something.

In Indonesian:   Pujasastra berarti sebuah karya sastra yang bertujuan untuk memuji seseorang atau sesuatu.

In Balinese:   Munggah ring kakawin puniki, Dang Hyang Nirartha ngagungang kawisesan Hyang Widhi sane mamurti ring sahananing kaluwihan bhuwanane minakadi pasisi, karang, sekar, lan angin sane tis.

In English:   If human’s life is in riots, there is certainly something wrong with nature.

In Indonesian:   Apabila sesama manusia terjadi prahara, dapat dipastikan ada sesuatu yang tidak beres pada alam.

In Balinese:   Kakawin punika kocap karipta olih ida daweg ida mamargi ring pasisi Bali kelod.

In English:   According to Hanyang Nirartha, the beauty of nature also exists in the human body, so that between humans and nature cannot be separated.

In Indonesian:   Menurut Hanyang Nirartha, keindahan alam juga ada dalam tubuh manusia, sehingga antara manusia dan alam tidak dapat dipisahkan.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki sampun kasalin basa ring bahasa Indonesia olih Ida Bagus Agastia, tur kapulpulang ring buku alit mamurda “Di Kaki Pulau Bali”.

In English:   Hanyang Nirartha is a “pujasastra”.

In Indonesian:   Dang Hyang Nirartha menulis banyak kakawin dalam bahasa Kawi.

In Balinese:   Dumogi tityang prasida ngripta kakawin sane luwih puniki, pinaka tatujon tityang ngelar tapa.

In English:   Usually, almost all kakawin writing projects are sponsored by the king.

In Indonesian:   Biasanya, hampir semua proyek penulisan kakawin disponsori oleh raja.

In Balinese:   Mpu Panuluh ngaripta Kakawin Hariwangsa pinaka saduran saking Cakepan Hariwangsa mabasa Sanskerta.

In English:   Mpu Panuluh wrote Kakawin Hariwangsa by adapting from its Sanskrit version.

In Indonesian:   Mpu Panuluh menulis Kakawin Hariwangsa dengan menyadur kitab Hariwangsa berbahasa Sanskerta.

In Balinese:   Ring Kakawin Hariwangsa taler, Mpu Panuluh nyambat indike dane ngripta kakawin punika antuk titah lan palugrayan Raja jayabhaya.

In English:   This Kakawin was written during the reign of King Jayabhaya from Kediri.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini ditulis pada masa pemerintahan Raja Jayabhaya dari Kediri.

In Balinese:   Lumrahnyane, ngedas sami proyek pangriptan kakawin kasponsorin olih raja.

In English:   Usually, almost all kakawin writing projects are sponsored by the king.

In Indonesian:   Biasanya, hampir semua proyek penulisan kakawin disponsori oleh raja.

In Balinese:   Ring suang-suang kakawin, sang pangawi biasane nyurat pesengan raja sane dados sponsor kakawian punika.

In English:   Mpu Panuluh wrote Kakawin Hariwangsa by adapting from its Sanskrit version.

In Indonesian:   Mpu Panuluh menulis Kakawin Hariwangsa dengan menyadur kitab Hariwangsa berbahasa Sanskerta.

In Balinese:   Kakawin Ramayana maosin indik palampah Sri Rama sane muputang urip Asura Rawana.

In English:   Kakawin Ramayana is anarration about Lord Rama who kills an evil king, Ravana.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Ramayana menceritakan tentang sejarah Sri Rama yang membinasakan Asura Ravana.

In Balinese:   Mpu Yogiswara pangawi Kakawin Ramayana mrasa seneng ri tatkala nyurat kaluihan sekar tunjung ring telaga sane madaging toya ening punika: tunjung putih pwa ya ta tunjung abang sedeng rum/ kumbangnya ghurnita masabda umung sadarppa/ len manda maruta mirirya sugandha mambo/ Sang Rama Laksmana rikang ksana tusta de nya// “Sekar Tunjung Petk miwah Abang sedek kembang/ kumbangnyana pagrieng masuara/ taler angin sane ngesir ngura ambu mrik sumirik/ Sri Rama miwah Sang Laksmana ri tatkala punika seneng kabuatang// Kalengengan ring taman sane wenten ring wana punika, antuk telaga miwah sekar taler bramarannyane, manados sesuratan sane panjang ring kriya sastra kunane puniki.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Iraga sareng sami patut nguratiang sesuratan sastra agama puniki: Ring sisin gununge wenten telaga sane luih kakatonang/ wantah sekar Tunjung Putih sekar sane wenten irika wantah mawarna bang/ kapireng suara angsa petak sedek nglangi, sakewanten nenten sinah/ suarannyane alus kapirengin, miwah ngulangunin// Samian telagane nenten wenten sane nenten madaging sekar tunjung/ samian sekar tunjunge nenten wenten sane madaging bramara/ bramarane punika pagrieng nenten wenten sane nenten masuara/ suarannyane becik pisan kapireng/ nenten wenten sane nenten nudut kayun// Wenten naler sane kasurat ring pada kakawin puniki: tarune sami sakadi saling cingakin/ punika taler telagane makasami seneng/ sekarnyane samian mawarni petak sakadi warna petak penyingakan/ sakewanten bramara sane mawarna ireng punika maencegan irika sakadi batun penyingakan sane ireng// Sekar sane mawarni petak, bramara sane mawarni ireng, angin sane ngasirsir, suaran bramarane sane lengut, punika sakadi simbol suci ring sajeroning ajahan yoga-tantra makilitan saking sabda suci miwah aksara suci.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Mpu Tanakung ring kriya sasran idane inggih punika Kakawin Wrettasancaya maosang indik sungsut kayun Sang Dewi sane katinggalin olih jiwatmannyane inggih punika Sang Kawi (mango): mas ningwang toh diwasa tekaping mangwalanglang kalangwan/ tolih ranten rasika kari tibrangarang kandehan kung/ sokagring ring taman agulingan ring hebing nagapuspa/ mandakranta bhramara manangis ring ruhur darpa manghreng// “Uduh jiwatman titiange, sampun sue dados pangawi (mango) ngumbara alanglang kalangwan/ cingakin titiang sane ngajap-ajap/ sungsut, lara ring telenging taman, nylempang ring soring taru nagasari/ ring duhure makebertiosan sinambi nangis ngrieng// Parikan kakawin ring teks baduur punika muatang kruna mango taler lango.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Mpu Tanakung ring kriya sasran idane inggih punika Kakawin Wrettasancaya maosang indik sungsut kayun Sang Dewi sane katinggalin olih jiwatmannyane inggih punika Sang Kawi (mango): mas ningwang toh diwasa tekaping mangwalanglang kalangwan/ tolih ranten rasika kari tibrangarang kandehan kung/ sokagring ring taman agulingan ring hebing nagapuspa/ mandakranta bhramara manangis ring ruhur darpa manghreng// “Uduh jiwatman titiange, sampun sue dados pangawi (mango) ngumbara alanglang kalangwan/ cingakin titiang sane ngajap-ajap/ sungsut, lara ring telenging taman, nylempang ring soring taru nagasari/ ring duhure makebertiosan sinambi nangis ngrieng// Parikan kakawin ring teks baduur punika muatang kruna mango taler lango.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Salanturnyane, Kakawin Sutasoma sane kaanggen ngaryanin palet kaping kalih, ngenenin indik payudannyane Sang Sutasoma kapining Raksasa Purusadha.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Karya-karya sastra yang demikian hebatnya, tidak mungkin dapat diwujudkan tanpa pembacaan karya sastra hebat lainnya dengan jumlah yang tentunya tidak sedikit.

In Balinese:   Pamargin rasa tresna ring panegaran sane ngawinang purun mabela pati punika sujatinnyane sampun wenten kasurat ring Kakawin Ramayana, utamannyane ring Yuddha Kandasargah kaping kalih likur.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Panggelan satua manut Kakawin Ramayana punika nlatarang indik pamargin Kumbakarna sane sampun uning yuda ring Alengka Pura kakawitin antuk laksana kaon rakannyane sakewanten dane lascarya ngaturang angga, mayuda melanin negarannyane sane karampak olih balan Sang Rama.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Sakadi sane sampun munggah ring Kakawin Nitisastra, singhā raksakaning halas halas ikāngrakṣakeng hari nityaśa/ singhā mwang wana tan patūt paḍa wirodhāngdoh tikang keśari/ rug brāṣṭa ng wana denikang jana tinor wrěkṣanya śirņāpadang/ singhānghöt ri jurang nikiang těgal ayūn sāmpun dinon durbala (singa punika sang sane ngraksa alas, sakewanten ipun taler karaksa olih alas, yening alas punika jagi karusak olih i manusa, makasami tarune kaenteb, singane raris mengkeb ring jurang, ring tengahing uma kakepung ngraris kamatiang).

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Punika sane kasurat ring Kakawin Nirartha Prakerta. (diterjemahkan oleh @YesiCandrika BASAbaliWiki)

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Lantas di pustakane ane lenan cara Kakawin Negarakertagamane, ditu masih sinah pesan kacritayang utsahan Raja Hayam Wuruke mesikang kadaton Nusantara ane madasar baan darma tur madue tetujon ayu.

In English:   Kuruksetra, fight till die, war against their guru (teacher/preceptor), relatives and their own family to uphold dharma (truth) in the world.

In Indonesian:   Selain itu, dalam pustaka lainnya seperti Kakawin Negarakertagama, dalam kisah tersebut juga dipaparkan mengenai usaha Raja Hayam Wuruk dalam menyatukan Bumi Nusantara dengan landasan darma dan tujuan yang baik.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki ngenenin indik wewidangan kutaraja Majapahit sane luwih tur rame ritatkala masa jayan ipun.

In English:   Instead, it is an alias.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini memuat tentang deskripsi ibu kota Majapahit yang megah dan ramai pada masa kejayaannya.

In Balinese:   Nagarakretagama inggih punika kakawin pujasastra majeng ring Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk, kasurat olih Mpu Prapanca ring warsa 1365.

In English:   Nagarakretagama is a compilation of praises to King Hayam Wuruk written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365.

In Indonesian:   Nagarakretagama adalah sebuah kakawin pujian kepada raja Hayam Wuruk oleh Mpu Prapanca yang ditulis pada tahun 1365.

In Balinese:   [BA] Kakawin Nitisastra katarka kasurat olih Dang Hyang Nirartha, yadyastun sira pangawi sane pastika nenten kauningin.

In English:   What caused Kakawin Nitisastra to be said to have been written by Dang Hyang Nirartha was because this kakawin was found together with Kakawin Nirartha Prakreta.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Nitisastra diduga ditulis oleh Dang Hyang Nirartha, walaupun penulis sesungguhnya tidak pernah diketahui.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Kakawin Nitisastra katarka kasurat olih Dang Hyang Nirartha, yadyastun sira pangawi sane pastika nenten kauningin.| ]]

In Balinese:   Napi mawinan Kakawin Nitisastra katarka kasurat olih Dang Hyang Nirartha duaning kakawin puniki embas sinarengan sareng Kakawin Nirartha Prakerta.

In English:   What caused Kakawin Nitisastra to be said to have been written by Dang Hyang Nirartha was because this kakawin was found together with Kakawin Nirartha Prakreta.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Nitisastra diduga ditulis oleh Dang Hyang Nirartha, walaupun penulis sesungguhnya tidak pernah diketahui.

In Balinese:   Kakawin Nitisastra puniki madaging tata titi dados manusa, caciren anak suputra tur kuputra, swadharmaning sisya, anak sane marabian, tur swadharmaning sang wiku.

In English:   What caused Kakawin Nitisastra to be said to have been written by Dang Hyang Nirartha was because this kakawin was found together with Kakawin Nirartha Prakreta.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Nitisastra diduga ditulis oleh Dang Hyang Nirartha, walaupun penulis sesungguhnya tidak pernah diketahui.

In Balinese:   Napi mawinan Kakawin Nitisastra katarka kasurat olih Dang Hyang Nirartha duaning kakawin puniki embas sinarengan sareng Kakawin Nirartha Prakerta.

In English:   What caused Kakawin Nitisastra to be said to have been written by Dang Hyang Nirartha was because this kakawin was found together with Kakawin Nirartha Prakreta.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Kakawin Nitisastra diduga ditulis oleh Dang Hyang Nirartha, walaupun penulis sesungguhnya tidak pernah diketahui.

In Balinese:   Lempas saking tetujon punika, pawarah-warah saking pemerintah Belanda punika prasida nangiang kahyun para intelektual Bali, minakadin nyane para guru mangda nyurat karya-karya sastra sane wangun nyane matiosan saking karya-karya sastra tradisional minakadi kakawin, kidung, miwah geguritan.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Nyantos iriki, iraga kaelingin antuk Kakawin Niti Sastra puniki: Sang sura menanging rananggana amukti suka wibhawa bhoga wiryawan/ sang sura pejahing ranang gana./ mangusir surapada siniwing surapsari/ yan bhirun maweding rananggana pejah yama bala manikep mamidana/ yan tan tininda ring parajanen irang-irang sinoraken//

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Niki mawinan kakawin tan prasida kaanggen sumber sejarah, nanging wantah karya sastra.

In English:   This causes kakawin tobe unreliable as a source of history, but a literary work.

In Indonesian:   Ini menyebabkan kakawin tidak dapat dijadikan sumber sejarah, namun sebuah karya sastra.

In Balinese:   Pinarkane, duaning Mpu Dharmaja ngripta kakawin puniki pinaka pujasastra (panyumbung majeng ring raja), wenten akudang pahpahan caritan ipun sane kauwah saking carita asline.

In English:   Apparently, because Mpu Dharmaja wrote this kakawin as a praise to the king, there were some parts that were modified from the original story.

In Indonesian:   Tampaknya, karena Mpu Dharmaja menulis kakawin ini sebagai sebuah pujasastra (pujian kepada raja), ada beberapa bagian yang dimodifikasi dari kisah aslinya.

In Balinese:   Maosin indik kakawin wantah akeliaban pateh saking maosin indik gegancaran panyumbung.

In English:   Smaradahana means 'fire of love'.

In Indonesian:   Smaradahana berarti ‘api cinta’.

In Balinese:   Ring kakawin kacaritayang Bhatara Kama ngulgul patapan Ida Bhatara Siwa.

In English:   Smaradahana means 'fire of love'.

In Indonesian:   Smaradahana berarti ‘api cinta’.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasurat olih Mpu Dharmaja daweg masan kaprabon Raja Kameswara ring Kediri duk satawarsa ping 12.

In English:   This Kakawin was written by Mpu Dharmaja during the reign of king Kameswara in Kediri in the 12th century.

In Indonesian:   Menurut Creese (2006) yang didukung oleh Zoetmulder (1986), penulisan kakawin pada umumnya disponsori oleh raja.

In Balinese:   Masaih sakadi kakawin-kakawin lianan sane kaparik saking cakepan asli mabasa Sansekerta, Kakawin Subhadra Wiwaha taler wantah parikan sane akeh kamodifikasi saking caritannyane sane asli ring Mahabharata, karipta olih Ida Bhagawan Krishna Dwaipayana Wedawyasa.

In English:   Like other kakawins adapted from original Sanskrit texts, Subhadra Wiwaha is also an adaptation that has undergone many modifications of the original Mahabharata story written by Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa.

In Indonesian:   Seperti kakawin-kakawin lain yang diadaptasi dari teks asli berbahasa Sanskerta, Subhadra Wiwaha juga merupakan saduran yang mengalami banyak modifikasi dari kisah asli Mahabharata yang ditulis oleh Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa.

In Balinese:   Virus Corona Munggah ring Kakawin Nitisastra?

In English:   Now the world is horrified by the COVID-19 pandemic from last March.

In Indonesian:   Sekarang dunia tengah dihebohkan dengan pandemi COVID-19 dari Maret lalu.

In Balinese:   Punika bawos Kakawin Nitisastrane.

In English:   Kakawin Nitisastra was written by Dang Hyang Nirartha in the sixteenth century AD.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Nitisastra ditulis oleh Dang Hyang Nirartha pada abad keenam belas Masehi.