- poetry written in the Old Javanese language, which was the literary language of Java from about the 9th. through the 15th. centuries. This same literary language was studied and written in Bali and is used today for readings and performances, often for ceremonial occasions such as cremations and odalans, but sometimes in recreational clubs. The meters of the kakawin poems are called wirama. Each wirama has a fixed pattern of long and short syllables, a pattern not found in Indonesian languages. Kakawin stanzas usually have four lines. Thematically, kakawin poems are usually concerned with the heroes of the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Jimbaran kakawin is only performed during a ceremony, such as a cremation, outside a temple, never in a temple.