Kakawin

  • poetry written in the Old Javanese language, which was the literary language of Java from about the 9th. through the 15th. centuries. This same literary language was studied and written in Bali and is used today for readings and performances, often for ceremonial occasions such as cremations and odalans, but sometimes in recreational clubs. The meters of the kakawin poems are called wirama. Each wirama has a fixed pattern of long and short syllables, a pattern not found in Indonesian languages. Kakawin stanzas usually have four lines. Thematically, kakawin poems are usually concerned with the heroes of the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Jimbaran kakawin is only performed during a ceremony, such as a cremation, outside a temple, never in a temple.
Andap
kakawin
Kasar
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Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   Bhomantaka taler kawastanin Bhomakawya, inggih punika silih sinunggil kakawin pinih purwa lan pinih dawa ring sejarah kasusastraan Jawi purwa.

In English:   Bhomantaka is also known as Bhomakawya, the oldest and the longest kakawin compilation in the history of old Javanese literature.

In Indonesian:   Bhomantaka disebut juga Bhomakawya, sebuah kakawin tertua dan terpanjang dalam sejarah kesusastraan Jawa kuno.

In Balinese:   Kawentenan Kakawin Bhomantaka puniki ngayuktiang indike kawentenan kasusastraan ring krama Jawi purwa sampun luhur, utamannyane ring masa kaprabon Ida Sang Prabu Airlangga.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Adanya Kakawin Bhomantaka membuktikan bahwa tingkat kesusastraan masyarakat Jawa kuno sudah tergolong tinggi pada zaman Airlangga.

In Balinese:   Winangun antuk 1.492 pada, kakawin puniki nyaritayang indik payudan Ida Bhatara Krishna ngalawan Bhaumasura, utawi Bhoma.

In English:   Consisting of 1,492 verss, this kakawin narrates around the battle between Lord Krishna and Bhaumasura, or the demon Bhoma.

In Indonesian:   Terdiri atas 1.492 bait, kakawin ini mengisahkan peperangan Sri Krishna dengan Bhaumasura, atau Bhoma.

In Balinese:   Wenten akudang pahpahan kakawin puniki sane malianan saking sejarah asline, minab duaning salin-basa sane nenten cepil.

In English:   There are some parts of this kakawin which are quite different from the original account, perhaps because of innacuracy of translation.

In Indonesian:   Ada beberapa bagian kakawin ini yang berbeda dengan kisah sejarah aslinya, mungkin karena faktor akurasi penerjemahan.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasalin antuk basa Jawi purwa (Kawi) olih Mpu Yogiswara duk masan kaprabon Sang Prabu Airlangga.

In English:   The compilation is translated into old Javanese (Kawi) language by Mpu Yogiswara during King Airlangga’s reign.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Jawa Kuno (Kawi) oleh Mpu Yogiswara pada zaman Airlangga.

In Balinese:   Makehan carita ring Kakawin Ramayana pateh sakadi Walmiki Ramayana sane asli, yadiastun wenten pasalin basannyane sane iwang.

In English:   Most of the narrations in Kakawin Ramayana are similar to the original version of Valmiki Ramayana, though there are some mistakes in translation.

In Indonesian:   Sebagian besar kisah dalam Kakawin Ramayana sama dengan versi Valmiki Ramayana aslinya, walaupun terdapat kekeliruan dalam penerjemahan di beberapa bagian.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kabantih antuk pitung kanda, inggih punika Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranyaka Kanda, Kiskinda Kanda, Sundara Kanda, Yudha Kanda lan Uttara Khanda.

In English:   Its kakawin version is divided into seven kandas, or parts, namely Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranyaka Kanda, Kiskinda Kanda, Sundara Kanda, Yudha Kanda and Uttara Khanda.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Ramayana terbagi menjadi tujuh Kanda atau bagian, yakni Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranyaka Kanda, Kiskinda Kanda, Sundara Kanda, Yudha Kanda dan Uttara Khanda.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki mawit saking satua Ida Sang Prabu Dasaratha sane maduwe istri tiga tur oka lanang patpat.

In English:   Kakawin Ramayana starts with a narration about King Dasaratha who has three wifes and four sons.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini dimulai dari kisah Maharaja Dasaratha yang memiliki tiga istri dan empat putra.

In Balinese:   Kakawin Ramayana maosin indik palampah Sri Rama sane muputang urip Asura Rawana.

In English:   Kakawin Ramayana is anarration about Lord Rama who kills an evil king, Ravana.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Ramayana menceritakan tentang sejarah Sri Rama yang membinasakan Asura Ravana.

In Balinese:   Kakawin Ramayana wantah salinan saking Walmiki Ramayana sane mabasa Sansekerta.

In English:   This kakawin is a translation of Valmiki Ramayana.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini adalah terjemahan dari Valmiki Ramayana.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki taler madaging wawengkon Majapahit ring Jawi lan pulau-pulau lianan, lan wenten taler catetan indik pamargin Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk ngiderin Pulau Jawine.

In English:   According to descriptions in this kakawin, the capital of Majapahit was successfully rediscovered and reconstructed by the historians and archeologists.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini juga memuat tentang wilayah kekuasaan Majapahit Jawa dan di luar Jawa, dan catatan tentang perjalanan Raja Hayam Wuruk berkeliling Pulau Jawa.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki ngenenin indik wewidangan kutaraja Majapahit sane luwih tur rame ritatkala masa jayan ipun.

In English:   Instead, it is an alias.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini memuat tentang deskripsi ibu kota Majapahit yang megah dan ramai pada masa kejayaannya.

In Balinese:   Nagarakretagama inggih punika kakawin pujasastra majeng ring Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk, kasurat olih Mpu Prapanca ring warsa 1365.

In English:   Nagarakretagama is a compilation of praises to King Hayam Wuruk written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365.

In Indonesian:   Nagarakretagama adalah sebuah kakawin pujian kepada raja Hayam Wuruk oleh Mpu Prapanca yang ditulis pada tahun 1365.

In Balinese:   Manut sasuratan ring Kakawin puniki, kutaraja Majapahit ring Trowulan prasida kapanggih tur kawangun malih olih para kawikan sejarah lan arkeologe.

In English:   This kakawin contains descriptions of Majapahit capital metropolis which was splendid and busy during its heydays.

In Indonesian:   Berdasarkan uraian dalam kakawin inilah ibu kota Majapahit di Trowulan berhasil ditemukan dan direkonstruksi oleh para sejarawan dan arkeolog.

In Balinese:   Mangkin, pasalin-basa kakawin puniki sampun katah pisan ring makudang-kudang basa tur sampun akeh kawacen.

In English:   One of those version is kept in Leiden and its copy is now available at Gedong Arca Museum, Gianyar.

In Indonesian:   Kini, terjemahan kakawin ini telah banyak beredar dalam berbagai bahasa dan amat dikenal-luas.

In Balinese:   Lantas di pustakane ane lenan cara Kakawin Negarakertagamane, ditu masih sinah pesan kacritayang utsahan Raja Hayam Wuruke mesikang kadaton Nusantara ane madasar baan darma tur madue tetujon ayu.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Saat ini, Toto Santoso dan Fanni Aminadia sudah dipenjarakan dengan pasal 378 KUHP tentang Penipuan dan pasal 14 UU No 1 Tahun 1946 tentang Peraturan Hukum Pidana.