majapahit

  • myths
  • Majapahit was a Siwaist-Hindu-Buddhist kingdom of East Java (A.D. 1294 - 1520) which was eventually defeated by Islamic armies. Bali derives a good deal of its culture from remnants of this kingdom
  • History or record of past
Andap
Majapahit
Kasar
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Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Kocapan, sang prabhu mulawarman ngenter jagat Majapahit mangguh rahayu.
No translation exists for this example.

Hayam Wuruk pinaka Raja ring Puri Majapahit kaserengin olih Sang Patih Agung maparab Patih Gadjah Mada.
No translation exists for this example.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   Babad Brahmana Catur nuturang indik palampah Ida Dang Hyang Nirartha, pandita Hindu saking masa Majapahit pinih ungkur (1489 Masehi).

In English:   The Babad Brahmana Catur tells about the journey of Dang Hyang Nirartha, a Hindu priest from the late Majapahit era (1489 A.D.).

In Indonesian:   Sebagai seorang pemuka agama Hindu, Dang Hyang Nirartha mengemban misi mempertahankan ajaran suci itu agar tidak punah.

In Balinese:   Desa puniki karejeg olih Majapahit duk satawarsa kaping pat welas, laut katilarin.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasurat olih Mpu Tanakung (nenten pesengan asli) daweg Ida Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk ngamargiang yadnya Sraddha (Maligia) ageng mantuka ring ratu niang ida (Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri) ring alun-alun puri Majapahit.

In English:   This Kakawin was written by Mpu Tanakung (not his real name) when King Hayam Wuruk committed a great holy sacrifice (Sraddha) addressed to his late grandmother, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, at Majapahit palace square.

In Indonesian:   Banyak pendeta, keluarga kerajaan, para bangsawan dan semua pejabat Majapahit hadir untuk melakukan persembahyangan dan penghormatan kepada arca Rajapatni Gayatri yang distanakan di sebuah singgasana putih.

In Balinese:   Akeh para pandita, wadwa kadatuane, para menak lan sami prakangge Majapahit rauh ngaturang bhakti ring pratiman Ida Rajapatni Gayatri sane kalinggihang ring singgasana putih.

In English:   This Kakawin was written by Mpu Tanakung (not his real name) when King Hayam Wuruk committed a great holy sacrifice (Sraddha) addressed to his late grandmother, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, at Majapahit palace square.

In Indonesian:   Banyak pendeta, keluarga kerajaan, para bangsawan dan semua pejabat Majapahit hadir untuk melakukan persembahyangan dan penghormatan kepada arca Rajapatni Gayatri yang distanakan di sebuah singgasana putih.

In Balinese:   Dahat luwih pisan karya agung sane kamanggalain olih Ida Sang Prabhu Jiwana (Kahuripan) selami upacara paligian Ida sang panglingsir Majapahit, sane sampun mukti tur mantuk ring sunialoka.

In English:   There are only 12 stanzas in this kakawin, divided into three chapters.

In Indonesian:   Bab kedua menjelaskan tentang beraneka macam persembahan dari banyak keturunan bangsawan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Geguritan puniki mapailetan pisan sareng Bubuksah Gagakaking, sane manut Budi Utama (2016) inggih punika karya sastra kritik antuk paieg ngenenin indik agama ring Bali saking pangrauh Majapahit ring satawarsa kaping pat welas.

In English:   Chapter II discusses the Tri Purusa, or three forms of Lord Shiva, which became the basis for the theological concept of Dang Hyang Nirartha in medieval times.

In Indonesian:   Geguritan ini amat erat kaitannya dengan naskah Bubuksah Gagakaking, yang menurut Budi Utama (2016) adalah suatu bentuk karya sastra kritik terhadap konflik kepercayaan yang terjadi di Bali sejak masa penaklukan oleh Majapahit di abad keempat belas.

In Balinese:   Niki dados bukti indik kawentenan Islam sane sampun jimbar tur gelis nglimbak duk satawarsa kaping limolas ring Majapahit, mawastu wenten sinkronisasi sareng Hindu daweg punika.

In English:   The first chapter discusses the birth of the types of wreastra, swalalita and modre letters, and how these types of letters can be used to generate power in humans.

In Indonesian:   Bab pertama membahas mengenai lahirnya jenis-jenis aksara wreastra, swalalita dan modre, dan bagaimana jenis-jenis aksara ini bisa digunakan untuk membangkitkan kekuatan dalam diri manusia.

In Balinese:   Goa Gajah dumun kabawos Lwa Gajah duk Kadatuan Baliné kantun palas saking Majapahit.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Amanat Geguritan Purwa Sangara (1985),

Orang-Orang di Sekitar Pak Rai (1995), Prastanika Parwa lan Swarga Rohana Parwa (1999), Oka Susharma: Pendidik Pejuan, Pejuang Pendidik (2001), Geguritan Sastradoyana Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Udayanotama Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Pura Dalem Segara Petasikan (2002), Geguritan Sakuntala (2002), Ang Ah lan Ah Ang (Pupulan Puisi, 2004), Geguritan Kebo Tarunantaka (2005), Gunung Menyan Segara Madu (Pupulan Puisi, 2005), Gdé Ombak Gdé Angin (Satua Cutet, 2006), Kunang-Kunang Anarung Sasi (Pupulan Puisi, 2007), Geguritan Kén Arok Kén Dédés (2008), Geguritan Kanakaning Kanaka (2008), Merta Matemahan Wisia (Satua Cutet, 2008), Téks Kotéks, Kontéks (2008), Geguritan Sandhyakalaning Majapahit (2009), Pura Pandé Catur Lepas Tamblingan (2009), Kama Bang Kama Putih (Prosa Liris, 2011), Nguntul Tanah Nuléngék Langit (Satua Cutet, 2013).

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Ia menulis beberapa buku sastra Bali modéren, seperti:

Amanat Geguritan Purwa Sangara (1985), Orang-Orang di Sekitar Pak Rai (1995), Prastanika Parwa lan Swarga Rohana Parwa (1999), Oka Susharma: Pendidik Pejuan, Pejuang Pendidik (2001), Geguritan Sastradoyana Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Udayanotama Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Pura Dalem Segara Petasikan (2002), Geguritan Sakuntala (2002), Ang Ah lan Ah Ang (Pupulan Puisi, 2004), Geguritan Kebo Tarunantaka (2005), Gunung Menyan Segara Madu (Pupulan Puisi, 2005), Gdé Ombak Gdé Angin (Satua Cutet, 2006), Kunang-Kunang Anarung Sasi (Pupulan Puisi, 2007), Geguritan Kén Arok Kén Dédés (2008), Geguritan Kanakaning Kanaka (2008), Merta Matemahan Wisia (Satua Cutet, 2008), Téks Kotéks, Kontéks (2008), Geguritan Sandhyakalaning Majapahit (2009), Pura Pandé Catur Lepas Tamblingan (2009), Kama Bang Kama Putih (Prosa Liris, 2011), Nguntul Tanah Nuléngék Langit (cerita pendek, 2013).

In Balinese:   Kacritayang wenten krama saking kerajaan Majapahit sane mawasta Anglurah Tubekel Sakti rauh ka desane puniki.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Ring Babad Brahmana nyritayang antuk pandita Hinduné, ida mapesengan Dang Hyang Nirartha sané ngambel swadharma pacang ngraksa ajah-ajahan suci, Babad nikinuturang indik palampah Ida Dang Hyang Nirartha, pandita Hindu saking jaman Majapahit.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Lianan ring punika, wenten taler kapurwan Desa Kesiman sane munggah ring Babad Wangayah sane nyaritayang indik Ida Dalem Watu Ireng kaserang olih Wong Majapahit inggih punika silih tunggil patihnyane sane mapesengan Gajah Mada kasarengin Arya Wang Bang, Arya Damar, miwah Arya sane lianan duk warsa 1262 (siu satak nem dasa kalih) M (candra sengkala rwa rsi pangapit tunggal).

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Minab cakepan puniki mawit saking satawarsa sadurung pangrauh budaya Hindu Majapahit duk satawarsa kaping 14 Masehi, tur panglimbaknyane sane sayan ageng duk satawarsa kaping 16 Masehi.

In English:   The island of Bali, as the narration mentions, was used to be called the island of Bangsul.

In Indonesian:   Pulau Bali, sebagaimana disebutkan dalam teks ini, dulu disebut sebagai Pulau Bangsul.

In Balinese:   Margi puniki raris tan malih kaentasin selami akudang satawarsa sasampun para wargi Tamblingan ngungsi saking desa kawitanipun duaning karejeg olih Majapahit.

In English:   This road was then closed for several centuries after Tamblingan residents fled their home village due to Majapahit attack.

In Indonesian:   Jalan ini kemudian tertutup selama beberapa abad setelah penduduk Tamblingan mengungsi dari desa asalnya karena serangan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Desa-desa puniki kabaos desa Bali Aga duaning kabudayaan ipun sampun nglimbak sadurung pangrauh Majapahit duk warsa 1343 Masehi.

In English:   These villages are called Bali Aga villages because their culture has existed before the expansion of Majapahit in 1343 AD.

In Indonesian:   Desa-desa ini disebut desa Bali Aga karena kebudayaan mereka telah ada sebelum ekspansi Majapahit pada tahun 1343 Masehi.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki ngenenin indik wewidangan kutaraja Majapahit sane luwih tur rame ritatkala masa jayan ipun.

In English:   Instead, it is an alias.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini memuat tentang deskripsi ibu kota Majapahit yang megah dan ramai pada masa kejayaannya.

In Balinese:   Pustaka lontar warisan Majapahit nguni ento nlatarang unduk kahanan guminé yéning sayan sayah, gering mrana tan pegat, manusané telah ngebus dingin, mati nadak tan sida katulungin, Sang Aji Bali patut ngaturang guru piduka ring Hyanging Basukih, Hyanging Sagara, miwah Panghulun Danu.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Risampune makeluwarga dane meneng ring Jalan Majapahit Gang Gunung Agung IV, Banjar Teges Gianyar.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   [BA] Krama Bali manut sejarahne kabantih antuk kalih soroh, inggih punika “Bali Mula” (utawi “Bali Aga”) lan “Bali Majapahit”.

In English:   At the end of the 13th century, Bali was ruled by a pair of twin male and female kings, namely Masula and Masuli.

In Indonesian:   Pada abad itu, pusat pemerintahan (dan spiritual) Bali berada di Kintamani (bukan Besakih).
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Krama Bali manut sejarahne kabantih antuk kalih soroh, inggih punika “Bali Mula” (utawi “Bali Aga”) lan “Bali Majapahit”.| ]]

In Balinese:   Nanging asapunika, Pararaton kantun kadadosang referensi lalintihan raja-raja Majapahit, tur kantun kasengguh silih sinunggil sane jangkep kasaihang antuk sumber-sumber sane lianan nyantos cakepan punika kakaryanin.

In English:   However, Pararaton is still used as a reference about the lineage of the kings of Majapahit, at least that is one that is considered accurate until the time the manuscript was written.

In Indonesian:   Pararaton sendiri berarti “kisah para raja”, sebab kitab ini sebagian besar hanya memuat silsilah raja-raja Jawa kuno pada masa Singasari dan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Pararaton maartos “satua indik para raja”, duaning cakepan puniki akehan dagingnyane wantah maosang palalintihan raja-raja Jawi purwa duk jaman Singasari lan Majapahit.

In English:   However, Pararaton is still used as a reference about the lineage of the kings of Majapahit, at least that is one that is considered accurate until the time the manuscript was written.

In Indonesian:   Pararaton sendiri berarti “kisah para raja”, sebab kitab ini sebagian besar hanya memuat silsilah raja-raja Jawa kuno pada masa Singasari dan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Nanging nyantos mangkin lalintihan para raja ring pararaton ngametuang perdebatan, utamannyane indik kawitan Ken Arok, pamrakarsa dinasti raja-raja Singasari lan Majapahit.

In English:   It contains only about 32 folio pages and consists of 1128 lines.

In Indonesian:   Isinya hanya sekitar 32 halaman folio dan terdiri atas 1128 baris.

In Balinese:   Kelompok-kelompok sakadi puniki nenten kapanggihin ring karya sastra utawi prasasti sadurung abad pertengahan, utawi sadurung pangrejeg Majapahit.

In English:   Brahma became Brahmana, Vishnu as Bhujangga and Iswara as Rsi.

In Indonesian:   Secara spesifik, lontar ini memuat penciptaan alam semesta dari sisi Siwaisme.

In Balinese:   Puniki widhi sastra Roga Sanghara Bhumi, saking lalintihan Bhagawan Dharmaloka, tinarima olih para ratuning Majapahit, [laut] rauh ring Bali madya.

In English:   Dirt on this Earth is actually caused by human actions.

In Indonesian:   Di bagian lain lontar ini juga dinyatakan bahwa setiap lima tahun sekali hendaknya dilakukan Pancawali Krama di Pura Agung Besakih.
[[Word example text ban::Puniki widhi sastra Roga Sanghara Bhumi, saking lalintihan Bhagawan Dharmaloka, tinarima olih para ratuning Majapahit, [laut] rauh ring Bali madya.| ]]

In Balinese:   Desa Bali Aga inggih punika desa sane sampun wenten ring Bali sadurung Kerajaan Majapahit nyerang Jagat Bali.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Nyantos mangkin, prati santanan raja Klungkung inggih punika warih ksatria sane pinih kasungsung ring jagat Bali, duaning lalintihan raja-raja Klungkung mapailet langsung ring pasametonan Bali lan Majapahit nyantos pitung ratus warsa sane sampun lintang.

In English:   The leader is in charge of providing welfare to his people.

In Indonesian:   Pemimpin bertugas memberikan kesejahteraan kepada rakyatnya.

In Balinese:   Duaning kasaktian dane Kebo Iwa, Majapahit tan mrasidayang ngaonin Bali.

In English:   Because of Kebo Iwa's unsurmountable strength, Majapahit cannot conquer Bali.

In Indonesian:   Karena kekuatan Kebo Iwa, Majapahit tidak bisa menaklukkan Bali.

In Balinese:   Daweg kadatuan Majapahit keni sengkala tur kaon ring tanah Jawi, akeh para brahmana tur anak menake ngungsi ring Bali tur ngraksa sisan-sisan tata sasana Majapahite.

In English:   Every full moon’s day of Kapat month (October-November), the monkeys that live in the forest and the cliffs of Pulaki get special offerings from the people.

In Indonesian:   Tatkala Majapahit mengalami kemunduran di tanah Jawa, banyak brahmana dan bangsawan Majapahit pergi ke Bali dan menyelamatkan sisa-sisa peradaban Majapahit.