Majapahit

  • Majapahit was a Siwaist-Hindu-Buddhist kingdom of East Java (A.D. 1294 - 1520) which was eventually defeated by Islamic armies. Bali derives a good deal of its culture from remnants of this kingdom
  • History or record of past
  • myths
Andap
Majapahit
Kasar
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Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Kocapan, sang prabhu mulawarman ngenter jagat Majapahit mangguh rahayu.
No translation exists for this example.

Hayam Wuruk pinaka Raja ring Puri Majapahit kaserengin olih Sang Patih Agung maparab Patih Gadjah Mada.
No translation exists for this example.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Virtual Library


In Balinese:   Babad Brahmana Catur nuturang indik palampah Ida Dang Hyang Nirartha, pandita Hindu saking masa Majapahit pinih ungkur (1489 Masehi).

In English:   As a Hindu religious leader, Dang Hyang Nirartha had a mission to defend the sacred teachings from extinction.

In Indonesian:   Babad Brahmana Catur mengisahkan perjalanan Dang Hyang Nirartha, pendeta Hindu dari zaman majapahit akhir.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki kasurat olih Mpu Tanakung (nenten pesengan asli) daweg Ida Sang Prabu Hayam Wuruk ngamargiang yadnya Sraddha (Maligia) ageng mantuka ring ratu niang ida (Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri) ring alun-alun puri Majapahit.

In English:   This Kakawin was written by Mpu Tanakung (not his real name) when King Hayam Wuruk committed a great holy sacrifice (Sraddha) addressed to his late grandmother, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, at Majapahit palace square.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung (bukan nama asli) tatkala Raja Hayam Wuruk melakukan sebuah korban suci besar (Sraddha) yang ditujukan kepada mendiang neneknya, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, di alun-alun istana Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Akeh para pandita, wadwa kadatuane, para menak lan sami prakangge Majapahit rauh ngaturang bhakti ring pratiman Ida Rajapatni Gayatri sane kalinggihang ring singgasana putih.

In English:   This Kakawin was written by Mpu Tanakung (not his real name) when King Hayam Wuruk committed a great holy sacrifice (Sraddha) addressed to his late grandmother, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, at Majapahit palace square.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung (bukan nama asli) tatkala Raja Hayam Wuruk melakukan sebuah korban suci besar (Sraddha) yang ditujukan kepada mendiang neneknya, Dyah Rajapatni Gayatri, di alun-alun istana Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Dahat luwih pisan karya agung sane kamanggalain olih Ida Sang Prabhu Jiwana (Kahuripan) selami upacara paligian Ida sang panglingsir Majapahit, sane sampun mukti tur mantuk ring sunialoka.

In English:   [EN] One of the shortest kakawins is Banawa Sekar, which is commonly called Banawa Sekar Tanakung because it was written by Mpu Tanakung in 1351 AD.

In Indonesian:   [ID] Salah satu kakawin yang paling pendek adalah Banawa Sekar, yang lumrah disebut Banawa Sekar Tanakung karena ditulis oleh Mpu Tanakung pada tahun 1351 Masehi.

In Balinese:   Niki dados bukti indik kawentenan Islam sane sampun jimbar tur gelis nglimbak duk satawarsa kaping limolas ring Majapahit, mawastu wenten sinkronisasi sareng Hindu daweg punika.

In English:   Then he passed on to the village head of Gading Wani, who he accepted as a student.

In Indonesian:   Geguritan itu kemudian diwariskannya kepada bendesa Gading Wani yang diterimanya menjadi murid.

In Balinese:   Geguritan puniki mapailetan pisan sareng Bubuksah Gagakaking, sane manut Budi Utama (2016) inggih punika karya sastra kritik antuk paieg ngenenin indik agama ring Bali saking pangrauh Majapahit ring satawarsa kaping pat welas.

In English:   Chapter II discusses the Tri Purusa, or three forms of Lord Shiva, which became the basis for the theological concept of Dang Hyang Nirartha in medieval times.

In Indonesian:   Bab II membahas mengenai Tri Purusa, atau tiga wujud Dewa Siwa yang menjadi landasan konsep teologi Dang Hyang Nirartha pada abad pertengahan.

In Balinese:   Goa Gajah dumun kabawos Lwa Gajah duk Kadatuan Baliné kantun palas saking Majapahit.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Amanat Geguritan Purwa Sangara (1985),

Orang-Orang di Sekitar Pak Rai (1995), Prastanika Parwa lan Swarga Rohana Parwa (1999), Oka Susharma: Pendidik Pejuan, Pejuang Pendidik (2001), Geguritan Sastradoyana Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Udayanotama Tattwa (2002), Geguritan Pura Dalem Segara Petasikan (2002), Geguritan Sakuntala (2002), Ang Ah lan Ah Ang (Pupulan Puisi, 2004), Geguritan Kebo Tarunantaka (2005), Gunung Menyan Segara Madu (Pupulan Puisi, 2005), Gdé Ombak Gdé Angin (Satua Cutet, 2006), Kunang-Kunang Anarung Sasi (Pupulan Puisi, 2007), Geguritan Kén Arok Kén Dédés (2008), Geguritan Kanakaning Kanaka (2008), Merta Matemahan Wisia (Satua Cutet, 2008), Téks Kotéks, Kontéks (2008), Geguritan Sandhyakalaning Majapahit (2009), Pura Pandé Catur Lepas Tamblingan (2009), Kama Bang Kama Putih (Prosa Liris, 2011),

Nguntul Tanah Nuléngék Langit (Satua Cutet, 2013).

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Ia menulis beberapa cerita pendek, puisi, ésai, geguritan, dan prosa liris.

In Balinese:   Ring Babad Brahmana nyritayang antuk pandita Hinduné, ida mapesengan Dang Hyang Nirartha sané ngambel swadharma pacang ngraksa ajah-ajahan suci, Babad nikinuturang indik palampah Ida Dang Hyang Nirartha, pandita Hindu saking jaman Majapahit.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Lianan ring punika, wenten taler kapurwan Desa Kesiman sane munggah ring Babad Wangayah sane nyaritayang indik Ida Dalem Watu Ireng kaserang olih Wong Majapahit inggih punika silih tunggil patihnyane sane mapesengan Gajah Mada kasarengin Arya Wang Bang, Arya Damar, miwah Arya sane lianan duk warsa 1262 (siu satak nem dasa kalih) M (candra sengkala rwa rsi pangapit tunggal).

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Pustaka lontar warisan Majapahit nguni ento nlatarang unduk kahanan guminé yéning sayan sayah, gering mrana tan pegat, manusané telah ngebus dingin, mati nadak tan sida katulungin, Sang Aji Bali patut ngaturang guru piduka ring Hyanging Basukih, Hyanging Sagara, miwah Panghulun Danu.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Margi puniki raris tan malih kaentasin selami akudang satawarsa sasampun para wargi Tamblingan ngungsi saking desa kawitanipun duaning karejeg olih Majapahit.

In English:   Today, these four villages are known as Catur Desa namely Gobleg, Munduk, Gesing and Umajero.

In Indonesian:   Kini, keempat desa ini dikenal sebagai Catur Desa yaitu Gobleg, Munduk, Gesing dan Umajero.

In Balinese:   Desa-desa puniki kabaos desa Bali Aga duaning kabudayaan ipun sampun nglimbak sadurung pangrauh Majapahit duk warsa 1343 Masehi.

In English:   These villages are called Bali Aga villages because their culture has existed before the expansion of Majapahit in 1343 AD.

In Indonesian:   Desa-desa ini disebut desa Bali Aga karena kebudayaan mereka telah ada sebelum ekspansi Majapahit pada tahun 1343 Masehi.

In Balinese:   Kakawin puniki ngenenin indik wewidangan kutaraja Majapahit sane luwih tur rame ritatkala masa jayan ipun.

In English:   Instead, it is an alias.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin ini memuat tentang deskripsi ibu kota Majapahit yang megah dan ramai pada masa kejayaannya.

In Balinese:   Risampune makeluwarga dane meneng ring Jalan Majapahit Gang Gunung Agung IV, Banjar Teges Gianyar.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   [BA] Krama Bali manut sejarahne kabantih antuk kalih soroh, inggih punika “Bali Mula” (utawi “Bali Aga”) lan “Bali Majapahit”.

In English:   [EN] The Balinese are historically divided into two groups, namely "Bali Mula" (or "Bali Aga") and "Bali Majapahit".

In Indonesian:   [ID] Masyarakat Bali secara historis dibagi menjadi dua golongan, yaitu “Bali Mula” atau “Bali Aga” dan “Bali Majapahit”.
[[Word example text ban::[BA] Krama Bali manut sejarahne kabantih antuk kalih soroh, inggih punika “Bali Mula” (utawi “Bali Aga”) lan “Bali Majapahit”.| ]]

In Balinese:   Nanging nyantos mangkin lalintihan para raja ring pararaton ngametuang perdebatan, utamannyane indik kawitan Ken Arok, pamrakarsa dinasti raja-raja Singasari lan Majapahit.

In English:   It contains only about 32 folio pages and consists of 1128 lines.

In Indonesian:   Karena itu, tata bahasa dalam Pararaton berbeda dengan karya sastra Jawa Kuno pada umumnya.

In Balinese:   Nanging asapunika, Pararaton kantun kadadosang referensi lalintihan raja-raja Majapahit, tur kantun kasengguh silih sinunggil sane jangkep kasaihang antuk sumber-sumber sane lianan nyantos cakepan punika kakaryanin.

In English:   Pararaton itself means "the story of the kings", because this book mostly only contains the genealogies of ancient Javanese kings in the days of Singasari and Majapahit.

In Indonesian:   Pararaton sendiri berarti “kisah para raja”, sebab kitab ini sebagian besar hanya memuat silsilah raja-raja Jawa kuno pada masa Singasari dan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Pararaton maartos “satua indik para raja”, duaning cakepan puniki akehan dagingnyane wantah maosang palalintihan raja-raja Jawi purwa duk jaman Singasari lan Majapahit.

In English:   Pararaton itself means "the story of the kings", because this book mostly only contains the genealogies of ancient Javanese kings in the days of Singasari and Majapahit.

In Indonesian:   Pararaton sendiri berarti “kisah para raja”, sebab kitab ini sebagian besar hanya memuat silsilah raja-raja Jawa kuno pada masa Singasari dan Majapahit.

In Balinese:   Kelompok-kelompok sakadi puniki nenten kapanggihin ring karya sastra utawi prasasti sadurung abad pertengahan, utawi sadurung pangrejeg Majapahit.

In English:   Brahma became Brahmana, Vishnu as Bhujangga and Iswara as Rsi.

In Indonesian:   Secara spesifik, lontar ini memuat penciptaan alam semesta dari sisi Siwaisme.

In Balinese:   Puniki widhi sastra Roga Sanghara Bhumi, saking lalintihan Bhagawan Dharmaloka, tinarima olih para ratuning Majapahit, [laut] rauh ring Bali madya.

In English:   In another part of this lontar it is also stated that once every five years Pancawali Krama ritual should be carried out at the great temple of Besakih.

In Indonesian:   Lontar ini memuat tentang pertanda-pertanda alam, termasuk sebab-sebab bencana alam, jenis-jenis bencana dan ciri-ciri akan adanya musibah.
[[Word example text ban::Puniki widhi sastra Roga Sanghara Bhumi, saking lalintihan Bhagawan Dharmaloka, tinarima olih para ratuning Majapahit, [laut] rauh ring Bali madya.| ]]

In Balinese:   Kacritayang wenten krama saking kerajaan Majapahit sane mawasta Anglurah Tubekel Sakti rauh ka desane puniki.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Desa Bali Aga inggih punika desa sane sampun wenten ring Bali sadurung Kerajaan Majapahit nyerang Jagat Bali.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Nyantos mangkin, prati santanan raja Klungkung inggih punika warih ksatria sane pinih kasungsung ring jagat Bali, duaning lalintihan raja-raja Klungkung mapailet langsung ring pasametonan Bali lan Majapahit nyantos pitung ratus warsa sane sampun lintang.

In English:   This is the most exciting time.

In Indonesian:   Ini adalah saat paling menyenangkan.

In Balinese:   Duaning kasaktian dane Kebo Iwa, Majapahit tan mrasidayang ngaonin Bali.

In English:   Because of Kebo Iwa's unsurmountable strength, Majapahit cannot conquer Bali.

In Indonesian:   Karena kekuatan Kebo Iwa, Majapahit tidak bisa menaklukkan Bali.

In Balinese:   Daweg kadatuan Majapahit keni sengkala tur kaon ring tanah Jawi, akeh para brahmana tur anak menake ngungsi ring Bali tur ngraksa sisan-sisan tata sasana Majapahite.

In English:   Every full moon’s day of Kapat month (October-November), the monkeys that live in the forest and the cliffs of Pulaki get special offerings from the people.

In Indonesian:   Pura Agung Pulaki di Banyupoh, Gerokgak, Kabupaten Buleleng tidak hanya dikenal dengan sejarahnya, namun juga monyet-monyetnya.