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Ramayana

ramayana

r Mÿ y x
  • epic (Noun) en
  • "The major epic, telling of the theft of Sita, wife of Rama, and Rama's quest to bring her back with the help of the monkey army, led by Hanuman." (Noun) en
  • Cerita epos dari India yang digubah oleh Walmiki yang menceritakan petualangan Rama, titisan dewa Wisnu dalam mitologi Hindu. (Noun) id
  • hikayat Sang Rama. (Noun) id
Andap
Ramayana
Kasar
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Alus sor
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Alus mider
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Alus madya
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Alus singgih
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Mider
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Bali dataran dialect
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Bali aga dialect
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Usage Examples

Ramayana.jpg
"Paintings of the Ramayana feature major battles between the monkey army and the demon forces of king Rahwana." This painting is called "Ramayana: shooting the deer" by Ni Made Sri Rahayu (2008).

Ramayana lontar.jpg
The Kekawin lontar tell the classical form of the Ramanaya story and are part of the Lelampahan (performing arts) lontar.

⚙ Usage examples pulled from the Community Spaces


In Balinese:   Wénten makudang-kudang genah sané becik ring Taman Nasional Bali ring Bedugul Tabanan minakadi: Candi Bentar, Ramayana Boulevard, Kumbakarna, Lega Statue, Roses Garden, Lake Beratan View, Usada Cafe, Traditional Balinese house

In English:   The temperature in the Bedugul Botanical Gardens, Tabanan, averages 16 degrees Celsius at night and during the day an average of 20-22 degrees Celsius.

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Wastan kadatuan puniki kasurat ring Ramayana, Mahabharata lan cakepan-cakepan Purana tiosan.

In English:   Kakawin Bhomantaka is an evidence that the level of literacy in old Javanese period was quite high, especially during Airlangga’s reign.

In Indonesian:   Nama kerajaan ini disebut dalam Ramayana dan Mahabharata, serta kitab-kitab Purana lainnya.

In Balinese:   Hanoman inggih punika tokoh ring wiracarita Ramayana.

In English:   Hanoman is a character in the epic Ramayana.

In Indonesian:   Baligrafi Dasaksara Hanoman ini terdiri atas dua bentuk, yaitu Kayonan dan Hanoman.

In Balinese:   Dane nyansan éling, gegambaran sane becik nenten ja setata ngangén tema Mahabharata lan Ramayana sané ngebekin sahananing widang gambaranné.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Karya Sastra paneges rumasuk ring karya sastra sekadi Kakawin Dharma Shunya ( 1954 ), Kakawin Sutasoma ( 1956 ), Bharata Yudha ( 1958 ), Kakawin Ramayana ( 1960 ), Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha ( 1961 ) dan Kakawin Ramatantra ( t.t ).

In English:   Meanwhile, IGB Sugriwa was also quite productive in translating texts related to traditional Balinese historiography across clans such as the Babad Pasek (1957), Babad Blahbatuh (1958), Dwijendra Tattwa (1967), Babad Pasek Kayu Selem (tt), and the Pande Inscription. (tt).

In Indonesian:   Sementara IGB Sugriwa juga cukup produktif menerjemahkan teks-teks yang berkaitan dengan historiografi tradisional Bali lintas marga seperti Babad Pasek (1957), Babad Blahbatuh (1958), Dwijendra Tattwa (1967), Babad Pasek Kayu Selem (tt), dan Prasasti Pande. (tt).

In Balinese:   Kakawin Ramayana maosin indik palampah Sri Rama sane muputang urip Asura Rawana.

In English:   Kakawin Ramayana is anarration about Lord Rama who kills an evil king, Ravana.

In Indonesian:   Kakawin Ramayana menceritakan tentang sejarah Sri Rama yang membinasakan Asura Ravana.

In Balinese:   Mpu Yogiswara pangawi Kakawin Ramayana mrasa seneng ri tatkala nyurat kaluihan sekar tunjung ring telaga sane madaging toya ening punika: tunjung putih pwa ya ta tunjung abang sedeng rum/ kumbangnya ghurnita masabda umung sadarppa/ len manda maruta mirirya sugandha mambo/ Sang Rama Laksmana rikang ksana tusta de nya// “Sekar Tunjung Petk miwah Abang sedek kembang/ kumbangnyana pagrieng masuara/ taler angin sane ngesir ngura ambu mrik sumirik/ Sri Rama miwah Sang Laksmana ri tatkala punika seneng kabuatang// Kalengengan ring taman sane wenten ring wana punika, antuk telaga miwah sekar taler bramarannyane, manados sesuratan sane panjang ring kriya sastra kunane puniki.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Mpu Yogiswara pangawi Kakawin Ramayana mrasa seneng ri tatkala nyurat kaluihan sekar tunjung ring telaga sane madaging toya ening punika: tunjung putih pwa ya ta tunjung abang sedeng rum/ kumbangnya ghurnita masabda umung sadarppa/ len manda maruta mirirya sugandha mambo/ Sang Rama Laksmana rikang ksana tusta de nya// “Sekar Tunjung Petk miwah Abang sedek kembang/ kumbangnyana pagrieng masuara/ taler angin sane ngesir ngura ambu mrik sumirik/ Sri Rama miwah Sang Laksmana ri tatkala punika seneng kabuatang// Kalengengan ring taman sane wenten ring wana punika, antuk telaga miwah sekar taler bramarannyane, manados sesuratan sane panjang ring kriya sastra kunane puniki.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Punggelan satua manut Kakawin Ramayana punika nlatarang indik pamargin Kumbakarna sane sampun uning yuda ring Alengka Pura kakawitin antuk laksana kaon rakannyane sakewanten dane lascarya ngaturang angga, mayuda melanin negarannyane sane karampak olih balan Sang Rama.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Pamargin rasa tresna ring panegaran sane ngawinang purun mabela pati punika sujatinnyane sampun wenten kasurat ring Kakawin Ramayana, utamannyane ring Yuddha Kandasargah kaping kalih likur.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Salanturnyane, tiosan ring kakawin Ramayana miwah Kakawin Nitisastra sane sampun kabaosang, ajah-ajahan indik niti utawi ring sajeroning kriya sastra, tiosan dados dokumen intelektual sapatutnyane becik kawacen, karesepang, taler kamargiang.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Pemimpin yang mampu menuntun jika diumpamakan dalam sebuah banawa (kapal), maka seorang pemimpin adalah nahkodanya.

In Balinese:   Silih tunggil pahan cerita ring Kakawin Ramayana baduur, ngicenin tutur utama indik pamimpin taler mimpin, sane prasida kaplajahin ring kawentenan aab jagate sakadi mangkin.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Pemimpin yang mampu menuntun jika diumpamakan dalam sebuah banawa (kapal), maka seorang pemimpin adalah nahkodanya.

In Balinese:   Ri tatkala ngawi Dharma Sasana, ida nganggen lontar Prasadaniti, Bhisma Parwa, Wrettisasana, Kirti Parwa, Slokantara, Sarasamuscaya, Bargawasiksa, Nitisastra, Ramayana, miwah sane lianan.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Lianan ring punika, Cokorda Denpasar sajroning Niti Raja Sasana taler nyurat indik brata nem belas, pinaka tikelan ping kalih saking Astabrata sane sadurungnyane kasurat sajroning Ramayana.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Ring Pulau Bali,terkenal budaya sane liu salah satune kebudayaan tarian.Tarian sane terkenal inggih punika tari kecak.Tari kecak inggih punika tarian drama seni sane pinih utama nyritayang indik Ramayana lan kalaksanayang anak lanang.Tarian puniki unik pisan.Kaungguhang tanpa wenten pangiring musik gamelan.Biasane kapentasang diacara ageng sane ngranjing akeh sane anak lanang.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Gangsing-gangsing pinih becik puniki kaicen aran sakadi tokoh Mahabharata miwah Ramayana, minakadi Gangsing Arjuna, Gangsing Ken Dedes, tur wenten taler gangsing Tom and Jerry.

In English:   The main temple they take care of is Pura Dalem Tamblingan, which is believed to be the residence of Dalem Tamblingan, their ancestor.

In Indonesian:   Sejak sekurang-kurangnya abad kesebelas telah ada peradaban Bali kuno di daerah ini.

In Balinese:   Gaya Kamasan inggih punika wangun estetik sane ngambil satua wira carita wayang sekadi wayang kulit anggen bantang gambaran, sane akehan mawit saking satua Mahabrata lan Ramayana.

In English:   The Kamasan style is an aesthetic form of painting that uses wayang stories such as wayang kulit, mostly from the Mahabrata and Ramayana epics.

In Indonesian:   Gaya Kamasan adalah bentuk estetik dari lukisan yang menggunakan cerita pewayangan seperti wayang kulit, kebanyakan dari epos Mahabrata dan Ramayana.

In Balinese:   Jero puniki wantah imba arsitektur Bali - indayang cingakin jendela sane bungah maukir, nyritayang indik Rama miwah Sita ring Ramayana.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Ring carita Ramayana, Dewi Sita ngwantu Hanoman ngalaksanayang puja pangastawa majeng para dewata.

In English:   On Nyepi day, Hindus carry out Catur Brata Panyepian, one of which is Amati Gni.

In Indonesian:   Jika semua tekun menahan indra terutama kemarahan, pasti hidup kita selalu damai.

In Balinese:   Pementasan wayang kulit puniki sering ke tiba ring acara Agama ring bali manten inggih punika ring sedek karya utawi piodalan (rahinan ring bali), sujatine wayang kulit puniki keepah antuk jenis pementasannyane inggih punika wayang kulit sane ke pentasang antuk spiritual sane disakralkan olih umat hindu sane biase ke pentasang sedek wenten acara keagamaan sane munggahang cerita Pandawa utawi Ramayana lan cerita tokoh - tokoh sane lianan.

In English:   We often encounter shadow puppet performances during religious events in Bali, namely during works or piodalan (rahinan in Bali).

In Indonesian:   Pementasan wayang kulit ini kita sering jumpai pada saat acara keagamaan di bali saja yaitu pada saat karya atau piodalan (rahinan di bali), sesungguhnya wayang kulit ini di bedakan berdasarkan pementasannya yaitu wayang kulit yang di pentaskan dengan spiritual yg di sakralkan oleh orang bali khususnya Umat Hindu biasanya di gelar di acara ke agamaan yang mengangkat cerita tokoh - tokoh seperti cerita Pandawa atau Ramayana dan cerita tokoh tokoh lainnya.

In Balinese:   Rahwana pinaka tokoh sane madue parisolah sane kaon ring carita Ramayana.

In English:   Rahwana is an antagonist in the Ramayana story.

In Indonesian:   Rahwana merupakan tokoh antagonis dalam kisah Ramayana.

In Balinese:   Murda wakya puniki tityang anggit saking pelambang sastra Ramayana, piteket Sang Rama ring arin Idane Dewa Bharata rikalaka pituduh jagi ngadeg ratu ring Ayodya Pura.

In English:  

In Indonesian:  

In Balinese:   Manut sakadi ring kakawin Ramayana irika katartayang wantah sapunapi je anak istri punika pastika pacang kakawonan antuk daya wiweka.

In English:  

In Indonesian:   Seperti yang tertuang di Kakawin Ramayana, di sana dijelaskan bahwa bagaimanapun seorang perempuan itu pati akan dikalahkan oleh tipu daya.

In Balinese:   Kaketus saking cerita ramayana.

In English:   Sourced from the story of Ramayana.

In Indonesian:   Bersumber dari cerita Ramayana.

In Balinese:   Subali nike wantah raja wanara ring wiracarita Ramayana, yen sugriwa tuah dadi petajuhne.

In English:   Meanwhile, Sugriwa acts as his representative, Sugriwa is a protagonist in the Ramayana epic.

In Indonesian:   Kesimpulan nya: Walaupun kita lahir berbeda ayah kita tetap bersaudara harus kompak,saling menyayangi dan saling menolong

In Balinese:   Tinureksa saking pamargin satuanipun, Sumanasantaka dados kabaos satua pangawit Kakawin Ramayana riantukan satua puniki nyritayang indik pamargin urip kakiang lan niang Ida Sang Rama, inggih punika Sang Prabu Aja miwah Ratu Indumati.

In English:   However, from that person’s alias, it is clear that it is the title of King Jayabhaya which is similar to the name written in his inscriptions.

In Indonesian:   Dilihat dari alur kisahnya, Sumanasantaka bisa disebut sebagai prekuel Kakawin Ramayana karena mengisahkan tentang kehidupan kakek-nenek Sri Rama, yakni Maharaja Aja dan Ratu Indumati.

In Balinese:   Vasuki (Rujukan: Bhagavata Purana miwah Ramayana)

Vasuki inggih punika naga sané kasub duaning kawéntenannyané ring satua Samudra Manthan, pangadukan segara olih para déwa miwah raksasa antuk ngamolihang amrita (Bhagavata Purana).

In English:   Kaliya (Reference: Bhagavata Purana)

Kaliya is a venomous naga that lived in the Yamuna River before being expelled by Sri Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

In Indonesian:   Naga Loka, kerajaan mistis para naga, dihuni oleh berbagai naga legendaris yang memiliki kekuatan dan kebijaksanaan gaib.

In Balinese:   I Wayan Wija kolaborasi sareng komposer Australia Nigel Jamieson ring konsep produksi The Theft Of Sita (1998-2000), sane kaambil sakeng Ramayana.

In English:   At thirteen he gave his first performance.

In Indonesian:   I Wayan Wija berkolaborasi dengan komposer Australia Paul Grabowsky dan sutradara Nigel Jamieson dalam konsep produksi The Theft of Sita (1998-2000), berdasarkan Ramayana.

In Balinese:   In Tejakula itself, the Wayang Wong standard uses Ramayana characters.

In English:   In Tejakula itself, the Wayang Wong standard uses Ramayana characters.

In Indonesian:   Di Tejakula sendiri, pakem Wayang Wong memakai tokoh-tokoh Ramayana.

In Balinese:   Ring Tejakula, pakem Wayang Wong puniki nganggen pakem sasolahan Ramayana.

In English:   These Wayang Wong masks are masks over three centuries old, totaling 175 masks.

In Indonesian:   Topeng-topeng Wayang Wong ini adalah topeng-topeng berusia lebih dari tiga abad yang semuanya berjumlah 175 topeng.

In Balinese:   Ring Tejakula, pakem Wayang Wong puniki nganggen pakem sasolahan Ramayana.

In English:   Because this performance is a combination of medieval Parwa and Gambuh arts, the languages used are Kawi and Sanskrit.

In Indonesian:   Karena Pementasan ini adalah gabungan dari kesenian Parwa dan Gambuh dari abad pertengahan, bahasa yang digunakan adalah bahasa Kawi dan Sanskerta.
  1. The Virtual Museum of Balinese Painting http://sydney.edu.au/heurist/balipaintings/19202.html
  2. photo: Balinese Digital Archives (Internet Archives) https://archive.org/details/kakawin-ramayana-01. Also see the Lontar Library Gedong Kirtya Singaraja and the Lontar Library of Universitas Udayana