Merah Putih Hijau

Name of Environmental Initiative
Merah Putih Hijau
Sustainability Development Goals
  • No Poverty
  • Good Health and Well-being
  • Clean Water and Sanitation
  • Affordable and Clean Energy
  • Industry
  • Innovation and Infrastructure
  • Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • Responsible Consumption and Production
  • Partnerships to achieve the Goal
  • Life on Land
  • Life Below Water
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Related book
Related children book
Related lontar
Related folktale
Related holiday or ceremony




Category of Environmental Innovation or Project

Pengelolaan Sampah

What's the innovation or project?

The opportunity costs of pursuing any thermic waste treatment in Indonesia are huge (negative energy balance, loss of essential organic matter and pollution). No major economies of scale exist for processing by biological decomposition. On the contrary, increased logistic cost and other reasons call for a far-reaching decentralization.

Building community owned sorting and composting facilities will lead to the enforcement of rules in waste management and it will restore our soils and save future ecosystems and biodiversity. All of this can be achieved while saving the government hundreds of millions $ US in waste management costs. The largest operating costs are labor and logistics. Both can be dramatically reduced and improved by building community owned waste management facilities.

The Indonesian government supports this approach and is asking communities to establish a BUMDES Badan Usaha Milik Desa; Community owned enterprise. The BUMDES can own and operate a community waste management faciliity. Models in Pererenan and Baturiti show that revenue can quickly grow to 5,000$ US per month.

Why does the innovation or project matter?

Because it actually reduces waste to landfill by up to 90% and it helps restore our future ecosystems and biodiversity. Indonesia’s about 50 million ton of organic waste per year contribute about 11 % to the country’s greenhouse gas emissions or even 21 % when peat and forest fires are excluded. Controlled decomposition of organic waste would contribute significantly to the national goal of reducing greenhouse gasses 29 % by 2030, compared to “business as usual”.

How do you or your team know that the innovation or project is working (or making a positive contribution)?

10 years of lessons learned from Temesi Recycling, UN Showcase Award, several news articles, daily monitoring and measuring of waste to landfill, of CO2 reductions, of composting results, of plastics recycled,! ; ;

What has contributed to the innovation or project working?

What else would help the innovation or project be more successful?

Is the innovation or project self-sustaining? If not, what needs to be done for that to happen?

What Balinese value does this initiative invoke?

People/groups to contact

Sean Nino -